Anthony Mills

Chairperson

PhD Soil Science; MPhil Environment and Development; MSc Environmental Geochemistry; BSc Zoology

Anthony is the founder and Chairperson of C4 EcoSolutions. He is acutely aware that major investments in ecosystem restoration and regenerative agriculture at the scale of hundreds of millions of hectares are urgently needed over the next ten years in order to effectively address the biodiversity and climate change crises facing the planet. The focus of his career has consequently been to catalyse such investments within the public and private sector. For example, in addition to his extensive work on Green Climate Fund and Global Environment Facility projects, he recently designed the strategy on the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration (www.decadeonrestoration.org), and is working with a wide range of private sector investors to realise the vision of restoring one million hectares of degraded thicket landscapes in the Eastern Cape, South Africa (www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/6/11/4328). Anthony is also an Extraordinary Professor in the Department of Soil Science, Stellenbosch University, where he undertakes primary research on soil chemistry and ecology. Anthony’s academic qualifications include a BSc Zoology (University of Cape Town), MSc Environmental Geochemistry (University of Cape Town), an MPhil in Environment and Development (University of Cambridge) and a PhD in Soil Science (Stellenbosch University). Anthony regularly publishes in the peer-reviewed academic literature on a wide range of topics, including soil chemistry, ecology, ecosystem restoration, climate change adaptation and carbon sequestration.

Robert Raw

Chief Executive Officer

PhD Zoology; MSc Zoology (Marine Biology); BSc (Honours) Zoology; BSc Zoology, Ecology and Marine Biology

Dr Robert Raw is Chief Executive Officer at C4 EcoSolutions, overseeing a diverse team of experts in the development of climate change adaptation and mitigation projects. He has a keen interest in the use of innovative, multidisciplinary approaches to sustainable development. This approach includes integrating diverse social and economic perspectives – and engineering options where required – into nature-based solutions that sustainably build the climate resilience of vulnerable communities. During his time at C4, Robert has specialised in the development of projects for the Green Climate Fund (GCF), drawing on his experience from over 25 GCF projects to provide technical guidance and oversight for all adaptation projects across the company portfolio. In addition to the technical guidance he provides internally to the C4 team, Robert applies his knowledge of the GCF to support governments in developing their GCF country programmes, as well as training UN staff in the development of GCF projects. He has also assisted a multilateral agency in navigating the GCF accreditation process. Prior to joining C4, Robert undertook academic research in the field of ecology, gaining diverse experience in habitat fragmentation, population demographics, marine biology and behavioural ecology. During his studies, Robert also worked part-time as an environmental consultant, conducting EIAs for the renewable energy sector in South Africa.

Nicholas Tye

Senior Climate Change and Environmental Consultant

MSc Ecology, Environment and Conservation; BSc (Honours) Ecology, Environment and Conservation; BSc Zoology and Ecology, Environment and Conservation

Nick joined the C4 EcoSolutions team in 2012 as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant. Through his work with C4, Nick has developed wide-ranging experience in designing, monitoring and implementing climate change adaptation projects, with a focus on ecosystem-based adaptation, in developing countries. His work at C4 EcoSolutions has included: leading the development of more than 10 adaptation project concept notes (including GEF PIFs) for GEF, Adaptation Fund and GCF; leading and coordinating the development of more than 10 full adaptation project proposals for GEF, Adaptation Fund and GCF; undertaking baseline assessments and mid-term reviews of adaptation and environmental projects; and developing the National Adaptation Programme of Actions (NAPA) for South Sudan. Nick is also currently the Chief Technical Advisor for an Adaptation Fund project in Cambodia, a GEF-SCCF project in Albania and a GEF-LDCF project in Angola. Before joining C4, Nick worked as a Biodiversity Specialist – focusing on birds – for the North West Provincial Government in South Africa. This work linked to his MSc research which focused on biodiversity in riverine ecosystems in the Kruger National Park.

Sean Foden

Consultant: Climate and Environment; Team Lead

BA Geography and Environmental Sciences

Sean works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant, having joined the company in 2017. Through his work on developing climate change adaptation and mitigation projects for the Green Climate Fund (GCF), Global Environment Facility and Adaptation Fund, Sean has developed a keen interest in urban climate resilience and disaster risk reduction within small island developing states across the Caribbean, Indian Ocean and Pacific regions. This experience includes the design of innovative projects to climate-proof key economic sectors through the development of innovative financial risk reduction products, increasing low-emissions development and strengthening disaster risk reduction capacities in the beneficiary countries. Sean has also gained an in-depth understanding of the intricacies of GCF, including the crafting of a climate rationale, developing a robust theory of change, aligning project interventions with the GCF investment criteria, and compiling full submission packages that meet the requirements of the fund.

Ella Hall

Consultant: Climate and Environment

PGDip (Sustainable Development), BA Development and Environment

Ella works at C4 EcoSolutions as a consultant, having joined the company in 2020. She holds a Bachelor's degree in Development and Environment from Stellenbosch University, and a Postgraduate Diploma in Sustainable Development from the Sustainability Institute focusing on renewable energy and sustainable cities. Her interests include the complexities of navigating a just transition to a zero-carbon future, in particular the fields of renewable energy, sustainable food systems and urban governance.

Hannes Kok

Consultant: Climate and Environment

MSc Environmental Management; BSc (Honours) Geography; BA Social Dynamics

Hannes works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant, having joined the company in 2019. He holds an MSc in Environmental Management from the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) where he investigated the relationship between climate change and human mobility in the SADC region. Hannes is particularly interested in the social and ecological impacts of development and the geopolitical dimensions of environmental change.

James Lister

Consultant: Climate and Environment

MSc Geology; BSc (Honours) Geology; BSc Environmental & Geographical Science and Geology

James works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant, having joined the company in 2019. He holds an MSc in Geology from the University of Cape Town, where he investigated the evolution of a volcano in the Chilean Andes. James is particularly interested in how ecosystem-based adaptation can be used to improve the resilience of vulnerable communities to the impacts of climate change and the potential to link his geological background into climate change adaptation.

Kervin Prayag

Consultant: Climate and Environment

MSc Biological Sciences; BSc (Honours) Biological Sciences; BSc Applied Biology, Ecology & Evolution, and Marine Biology

Kervin works at C4 EcoSolutions as a consultant, having completed an internship with the company. He holds an MSc from the University of Cape Town, where he investigated the effects of increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide and elevated relative humidity levels on the nutritional value of maize and wheat plants. Kervin is particularly interested in climate change adaptation and mitigation, plant eco-physiology and ecological statistics. He is also passionate about geopolitics and international relations, particularly in French-speaking African countries.

Kelly Vlieghe

Consultant: Climate and Environment

PhD Zoology; BSc (Honours) Zoology; BSc Zoology, Environmental and Geographical Sciences

Kelly works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant, having joined the company in 2019. She holds a PhD in Zoology from the University of Cape Town where she investigated the potential role of termites in the formation of enigmatic landscape features known as ‘fairy circles’ in the Namib Desert. Prior to joining C4 she worked as a research assistant at Stellenbosch University, looking at the use of cover crops and adjacent natural habitats to attract beneficial insects to apple orchards in the Grabouw Valley. Kelly is particularly interested in ecological entomology, biodiversity conservation and finding innovative ways to improve the resilience of ecosystems to climate change.

Alicia Raw

Portfolio Manager

MSc Zoology; BSc (Honours) Botany; BSc Evolutionary Biology, Biodiversity and Zoology

Alicia Raw joined the C4 EcoSolutions team in 2018 and works as a Portfolio Manager, assisting in the development and management of climate change adaptation projects. Prior to joining C4, she focused on environmental impact assessments for the renewable energy sector. Her academic background is in the fields of Evolutionary Biology, Biodiversity, Botany and Zoology, with an MSc from the University of Cape Town. Through her academic and professional careers, Alicia developed an appreciation for the importance of natural ecosystems and the role they can play in sustainable development. In particular, she has a keen interest in the potential for using ecosystem restoration to help vulnerable communities adapt to climate change.

Willemien Calitz

Copywriter and Communication Specialist

PhD Media Studies; MSc Media Studies; BHons Journalism; BA Languages and Journalism

Dr Willemien Calitz joined C4 in 2020 as a Copywriter and Communication Specialist. Her background includes a variety of strategic communication and media experience, including strategic communication for non-governmental organisations and research institutes, journalism and media lecturing. Willemien obtained her PhD in Media Studies in 2020 at the University of Cape Town (UCT), focusing on China’s sustainable development and human rights reputation. Her MSc in Media Studies was obtained in 2014 at the University of Oregon (USA) following a BPhil Honours at Stellenbosch University and BA Languages and Journalism degree at the University of Pretoria. Willemien’s interests lie in communicating the interconnected and layered issues surrounding climate change in a way that is factual and scientifically correct, but also understandable to the layperson. Her recent years of experience as researcher and lecturer enables her to focus on communication that is rooted in science, but accessible to the broader community. She also contributes her writing and editing skills, as well as writing training skills to C4.

Jessica Oosthuyse

Copywriter

BSc (Hons) Biodiversity and Ecology (ethnobotany); BSc Biodiversity and Ecology

Jess joined C4 as a Copywriter in 2021. She holds a BSc Honour’s degree in Biodiversity and Ecology from Stellenbosch University (SU). For her thesis, Jess worked with herbalists and traditional healers to better understand the relationship between the Xhosa culture and Eastern Cape forests, and the subsequent impact on species composition. Through this process, she quickly began to realise the value of effective communications in conservation and, after a short stint coordinating a new anti-poaching initiative, formally migrated to the communications space in 2018. At C4, Jess combines her background in ecology and writing skills to help bolster the technical writing component of the company, particularly in the development of project documents for submission to international climate funds. By making science relevant to society, Jess hopes to contribute towards an improved public perception of climate change.

Dylan Beukes

Junior Consultant: Climate and Environment

MSc, Ecology; BSc (Honours) Ecology, Environment and Conservation Sciences; BSc, Biological Sciences

Dylan works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Junior Consultant, having joined the company in 2020 as an intern. He holds an MSc in Ecology from the University of the Witwatersrand where he investigated the consequences of grazing resistance adaptations on the population genetics of Rhodohypoxis baurii var. platypetala in the Drakensberg. Prior to joining C4, he worked as an intern at the University of Pretoria in the Department of Plant and Soil Sciences where he gained experience in project management and communications, as well as working as a research and field assistant. His fields of interest include ecosystem functioning, developing sustainable interactions between environments and people, biodiversity conservation, and effective communication of scientific work to the public.

Paul Fourie

Junior Consultant: Climate and Environment

PGDip (Sustainable Development), BA Environmental Management

Paul works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Junior Consultant, having joined the company in 2020. He holds a Postgraduate Diploma in Sustainable Development from the University of Stellenbosch, with a specialisation in food systems sustainability. He has worked in the social development and ecotourism sectors, where he explored how innovation in food systems and land management can create new livelihoods for a sustainable future. Paul is particularly interested in the role of regenerative agriculture in carbon capture and aiding the adaption of socio-ecological systems to climate change.

Makhotso Gaseitsiwe

Junior Consultant: Climate and Environment

BA in Environmental Science and English

Makhotso works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Junior Consultant, having joined the company in 2020. She holds a BA in Environmental Sciences and English from the University of Botswana in 2017. Prior to joining C4, Makhotso worked as a volunteer intern for the Gaborone Declaration for Sustainability in Africa (GDSA) Secretariat and a consultant for Conservation International (CI). Makhotso has developed a particular interest in the dynamics of climate change on community development and climate change adaptation and mitigation.

Erin Hill

Junior Consultant: Climate and Environment

MPhil in Environment, Society and Sustainability; PGCE; BFA Fine Art and Psychology

Erin works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Junior Consultant, having joined the company in 2020. She holds an MPhil in Environment, Society and Sustainability from the University of Cape Town. Prior to this, her educational background was in art, psychology and education. Through her studies, Erin pursued her interests in human-animal-earth relations and became fascinated by the complex challenges associated with managing and communicating climate change and environmental adaptation. Her master's thesis drew on multiple disciplines to analyse the framing of the City of Cape Town's communications to the public during the recent Cape Town water crisis. Erin's interests include resource and crisis management, environmental education and communication, land restoration and conservation, and safeguarding animals and people. She enjoys working on projects which take interdisciplinary approaches to problem-solving, especially those which value the interconnectedness of all life forms.

Miren Schleicher

Junior Consultant: Climate and Spatial Data Analysis

MSc in Conservation Medicine; BSc in Environmental Science

Miren works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Junior Consultant, having joined the company in 2020. She holds an MSc in Conservation Medicine from Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, where she investigated quantitative methods to improve the rehabilitation success of endangered African penguin chicks for release back into the wild. Miren is particularly interested in biodiversity conservation and studying the links between humans, animals and the environment to improve resiliency against the impacts of climate change.

Julie Trognon

Junior Consultant: Climate and Energy

MA International Energy; MEcon Energy and Environmental Economics; BA (Honours) in Political Science

Julie joined C4 EcoSolutions in 2021 as a Junior Consultant. Originally from France, she holds a MA in International Energy from Sciences Po Paris and a MEcon in Energy and Environmental Economics from Paris Dauphine University where she investigated Mozambique’s energy transition prospects. Prior to joining C4, Julie worked for an environmental consulting firm supporting French and European local governments to develop public policies for climate change mitigation adapted to local contexts. Her fields of interest include climate change mitigation strategies, participatory project methodologies, gender issues and the geopolitics of energy.

Camilla Buenting

Analyst: Climate and Economics

MPhil Sustainable Development Planning and Management; BEcon (Honours) in Economics

Camilla joined C4 EcoSolutions in 2021 as an analyst. She holds a MPhil in Sustainable Development from Stellenbosch University, where she researched the role of bottom-up innovations in food system sustainability. Originally from Brazil, she also has an Honours degree in Economics from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), where she focused on political economy, social inclusion and development. Prior to joining C4, Camilla worked in developing pilot public policy projects in health and education in Brazil, and in corporate sustainability in South Africa. She is enthusiastic about the interdisciplinarity of sustainability studies, and is passionate about participatory project methodologies.

Tinovonga Chimuka

Intern: Climate and Gender

LLM in Environmental Law; BA (Honours) Environmental and Geographical Studies; BSocSci Environmental and Geographical Science and Gender Studies

Tino joined C4 EcoSolutions in 2021 as an intern. She holds a BSocSci in Environmental and Geographical Science and Gender Studies; a BA Honours degree in Environmental and Geographical Studies; and an LLM in Environmental Law from the University of Cape Town (UCT). During her honours thesis, she drew on a gender lens to assess the livelihoods of Zimbabwean female migrants living in Cape Town, South Africa. Tino is particularly interested in the relationship between climate change impacts and gender- specifically how a gendered response can improve the implementation of climate change adaptation projects.

Shweta Sunkur

Intern: Climate and Environment

BSc (Honours) Atmospheric Science; BSc Applied Statistics and Environmental & Geographical Science

Shweta joined C4 EcoSolutions in 2021 as an intern. She holds a BSc in Applied Statistics and Environmental Science from the University of Cape Town (UCT), as well as an Honours degree in Atmospheric Science. Her Honours thesis contributed to the Wind Atlas for South Africa (WASA) project through its investigation of the seasonal variability of near-surface wind speeds in South Africa, subsequently informing the potential of wind energy resources across the country. Shweta is particularly interested in renewable wind energy, climate analysis, and the use of a range of climate models to build resilience to the impacts of climate change.

Robyn Erasmus

Human Resources Manager

B.BusSci (Industrial Psychology Honours)

Robyn joined C4 EcoSolutions as Human Resources Manager in 2021. She brings a fresh perspective to people management in the company, drawing on experiences across a diverse range of small owner-led businesses as well as several large corporates. While the key focus of her roles have always been the people dynamics, effectiveness, and relationships within any company, she also has an aptitude for working with numbers, which has been invaluable in allowing her to work hand in hand with finance and management teams on issues relating to remuneration and payroll, employee benefits and management reporting.

Robyn’s particular interests in the Human Resource field include building resilience in the workplace, change management, working with management teams to improve leadership skills, and developing a collaborative culture in the workplace.

Debbie Buckley

Administrative Office Manager

Debbie joined C4 in 2014 and currently serves as the Administrative Office Manager. She is versatile, reliable and efficient, with more than 10 years’ experience supporting managers and executives in fast-paced environments. Through her role at C4, Debbie has developed a diverse skillset, including client relations, human resources, recruiting, project management and administrative support