Anthony Mills

Chairperson

PhD Soil Science; MPhil Environment and Development; MSc Environmental Geochemistry; BSc Zoology

Anthony is the founder and Chairperson of C4 EcoSolutions. He is acutely aware that major investments in ecosystem restoration and regenerative agriculture at the scale of hundreds of millions of hectares are urgently needed over the next ten years in order to effectively address the biodiversity and climate change crises facing the planet. The focus of his career has consequently been to catalyse such investments within the public and private sector. For example, in addition to his extensive work on Green Climate Fund and Global Environment Facility projects, he recently designed the strategy on the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration (www.decadeonrestoration.org), and is working with a wide range of private sector investors to realise the vision of restoring one million hectares of degraded thicket landscapes in the Eastern Cape, South Africa (www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/6/11/4328). Anthony is also an Extraordinary Professor in the Department of Soil Science, Stellenbosch University, where he undertakes primary research on soil chemistry and ecology. Anthony’s academic qualifications include a BSc Zoology (University of Cape Town), MSc Environmental Geochemistry (University of Cape Town), an MPhil in Environment and Development (University of Cambridge) and a PhD in Soil Science (Stellenbosch University). Anthony regularly publishes in the peer-reviewed academic literature on a wide range of topics, including soil chemistry, ecology, ecosystem restoration, climate change adaptation and carbon sequestration.

Robert Raw

Chief Executive Officer

PhD Zoology; MSc Zoology (Marine Biology); BSc (Honours) Zoology; BSc Zoology, Ecology and Marine Biology

Dr Robert Raw is Chief Executive Officer at C4 EcoSolutions, overseeing a diverse team of experts in the development of climate change adaptation and mitigation projects. He has a keen interest in the use of innovative, multidisciplinary approaches to sustainable development. This approach includes integrating diverse social and economic perspectives – and engineering options where required – into nature-based solutions that sustainably build the climate resilience of vulnerable communities. During his time at C4, Robert has specialised in the development of projects for the Green Climate Fund (GCF), drawing on his experience from over 25 GCF projects to provide technical guidance and oversight for all adaptation projects across the company portfolio. In addition to the technical guidance he provides internally to the C4 team, Robert applies his knowledge of the GCF to support governments in developing their GCF country programmes, as well as training UN staff in the development of GCF projects. He has also assisted a multilateral agency in navigating the GCF accreditation process. Prior to joining C4, Robert undertook academic research in the field of ecology, gaining diverse experience in habitat fragmentation, population demographics, marine biology and behavioural ecology. During his studies, Robert also worked part-time as an environmental consultant, conducting EIAs for the renewable energy sector in South Africa.

Nicholas Tye

Senior Climate Change and Environmental Consultant

MSc Ecology, Environment and Conservation; BSc (Honours) Ecology, Environment and Conservation; BSc Zoology and Ecology, Environment and Conservation

Nick joined the C4 EcoSolutions team in 2012 as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant. Through his work with C4, Nick has developed wide-ranging experience in designing, monitoring and implementing climate change adaptation projects, with a focus on ecosystem-based adaptation, in developing countries. His work at C4 EcoSolutions has included: leading the development of more than 10 adaptation project concept notes (including GEF PIFs) for GEF, Adaptation Fund and GCF; leading and coordinating the development of more than 10 full adaptation project proposals for GEF, Adaptation Fund and GCF; undertaking baseline assessments and mid-term reviews of adaptation and environmental projects; and developing the National Adaptation Programme of Actions (NAPA) for South Sudan. Nick is also currently the Chief Technical Advisor for an Adaptation Fund project in Cambodia, a GEF-SCCF project in Albania and a GEF-LDCF project in Angola. Before joining C4, Nick worked as a Biodiversity Specialist – focusing on birds – for the North West Provincial Government in South Africa. This work linked to his MSc research which focused on biodiversity in riverine ecosystems in the Kruger National Park.

Alicia Raw

Portfolio Manager

MSc Zoology; BSc (Honours) Botany; BSc Evolutionary Biology, Biodiversity and Zoology

Alicia joined the C4 EcoSolutions team in 2018 and works as a Portfolio Manager, assisting in the development and management of climate change adaptation projects. Prior to joining C4, she focused on environmental impact assessments for the renewable energy sector. Her academic background is in the fields of Evolutionary Biology, Biodiversity, Botany and Zoology, with an MSc from the University of Cape Town. Through her academic and professional careers, Alicia developed an appreciation for the importance of natural ecosystems and the role they can play in sustainable development. In particular, she has a keen interest in the potential for using ecosystem restoration to help vulnerable communities adapt to climate change.

James Lister

Consultant: Climate and Environment

MSc Geology; BSc (Honours) Geology; BSc Environmental & Geographical Science and Geology

James works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant, having joined the company in 2019. He holds an MSc in Geology from the University of Cape Town, where he investigated the evolution of a volcano in the Chilean Andes. James is particularly interested in how ecosystem-based adaptation can be used to improve the resilience of vulnerable communities to the impacts of climate change and the potential to link his geological background into climate change adaptation.

Hannes Kok

Consultant: Climate and Environment

MSc Environmental Management; BSc (Honours) Geography; BA Social Dynamics

Hannes works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant, having joined the company in 2019. He holds an MSc in Environmental Management from the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) where he investigated the relationship between climate change and human mobility in the SADC region. Hannes is particularly interested in the social and ecological impacts of development and the geopolitical dimensions of environmental change.

Kelly Vlieghe

Consultant: Climate and Environment

PhD Zoology; BSc (Honours) Zoology; BSc Zoology, Environmental and Geographical Sciences

Kelly works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant, having joined the company in 2019. She holds a PhD in Zoology from the University of Cape Town where she investigated the potential role of termites in the formation of enigmatic landscape features known as ‘fairy circles’ in the Namib Desert. Prior to joining C4 she worked as a research assistant at Stellenbosch University, looking at the use of cover crops and adjacent natural habitats to attract beneficial insects to apple orchards in the Grabouw Valley. Kelly is particularly interested in ecological entomology, biodiversity conservation and finding innovative ways to improve the resilience of ecosystems to climate change.

Ella Hall

Consultant: Climate and Environment

PGDip (Sustainable Development), BA Development and Environment

Ella works at C4 EcoSolutions as a consultant, having joined the company in 2020. She holds a Bachelor's degree in Development and Environment from Stellenbosch University, and a Postgraduate Diploma in Sustainable Development from the Sustainability Institute focusing on renewable energy and sustainable cities. Her interests include the complexities of navigating a just transition to a zero-carbon future, in particular the fields of renewable energy, sustainable food systems and urban governance.

Kervin Prayag

Consultant: Climate and Environment

MSc Biological Sciences; BSc (Honours) Biological Sciences; BSc Applied Biology, Ecology & Evolution, and Marine Biology

Kervin works at C4 EcoSolutions as a consultant, having completed an internship with the company. He holds an MSc from the University of Cape Town, where he investigated the effects of increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide and elevated relative humidity levels on the nutritional value of maize and wheat plants. Kervin is particularly interested in climate change adaptation and mitigation, plant eco-physiology and ecological statistics. He is also passionate about geopolitics and international relations, particularly in French-speaking African countries.

Miren Schleicher

Consultant: Climate and Spatial Data Analysis

MSc in Conservation Medicine; BSc in Environmental Science

Miren works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Junior Consultant, having joined the company in 2020. She holds an MSc in Conservation Medicine from Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, where she investigated quantitative methods to improve the rehabilitation success of endangered African penguin chicks for release back into the wild. Miren is particularly interested in biodiversity conservation and studying the links between humans, animals and the environment to improve resiliency against the impacts of climate change.

Makhotso Gaseitsiwe

Junior Consultant: Climate and Environment

BA in Environmental Science and English

Makhotso works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Junior Consultant, having joined the company in 2020. She holds a BA in Environmental Sciences and English from the University of Botswana in 2017. Prior to joining C4, Makhotso worked as a volunteer intern for the Gaborone Declaration for Sustainability in Africa (GDSA) Secretariat and a consultant for Conservation International (CI). Makhotso has developed a particular interest in the dynamics of climate change on community development and climate change adaptation and mitigation.

Shweta Sunkur

Junior Consultant: Climate and Environment

BSc (Honours) Atmospheric Science; BSc Applied Statistics and Environmental & Geographical Science

Shweta works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Junior Consultant, having joined the company in 2021. She holds a BSc in Applied Statistics and Environmental Science from the University of Cape Town (UCT), as well as an Honours degree in Atmospheric Science. Her Honours thesis contributed to the Wind Atlas for South Africa (WASA) project through its investigation of the seasonal variability of near-surface wind speeds in South Africa, subsequently informing the potential of wind energy resources across the country. Shweta is particularly interested in renewable wind energy, climate analysis, and the use of a range of climate models to build resilience to the impacts of climate change.

Tinovonga Chimuka

Junior Consultant: Climate and Gender

LLM in Environmental Law; BA (Honours) Environmental and Geographical Studies; BSocSci Environmental and Geographical Science and Gender Studies

Tino joined C4 EcoSolutions in 2021 as an intern. She holds a BSocSci in Environmental and Geographical Science and Gender Studies; a BA Honours degree in Environmental and Geographical Studies; and an LLM in Environmental Law from the University of Cape Town (UCT). During her honours thesis, she drew on a gender lens to assess the livelihoods of Zimbabwean female migrants living in Cape Town, South Africa. Tino is particularly interested in the relationship between climate change impacts and gender- specifically how a gendered response can improve the implementation of climate change adaptation projects.

Jaun van Loggerenberg

Senior Analyst: Remote Sensing

MSc in Environmental Sciences; Bsc (Hons) in Environmental Sciences; B.Art.Et Scientia in Town and Regional Planning

Jaun joined the C4 EcoSolutions team in 2022 and works as a remote sensing specialist. He holds a MSc in Environmental Science from the North-West University where he investigated the spatial and temporal variability of rainfall in South Africa. He is also pursuing a PhD in Environmental Sciences which focuses on using remote sensing to characterize maize crops in South Africa. Jaun has over 8 years of experience in using GIS and remote sensing in numerous conservation, climate, agriculture and ecosystem projects. Prior to joining C4, he worked on developing bespoke remote sensing solutions for farmers in South Africa to monitor crops, implementing climate change adaptation programs in Sahel, West Africa and developing GIS solutions for complex environmental challenges. Jaun is passionate about the climate, conservation and ecology. He is particularly interested in using remote sensing to better our environment and ensure the future of our planet.

Camilla Buenting

Analyst: Climate and Economics

MPhil Sustainable Development Planning and Management; BEcon (Honours) in Economics

Camilla joined C4 EcoSolutions in 2021 as an analyst. She holds a MPhil in Sustainable Development from Stellenbosch University, where she researched the role of bottom-up innovations in food system sustainability. Originally from Brazil, she also has an Honours degree in Economics from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), where she focused on political economy, social inclusion and development. Prior to joining C4, Camilla worked in developing pilot public policy projects in health and education in Brazil, and in corporate sustainability in South Africa. She is enthusiastic about the interdisciplinarity of sustainability studies, and is passionate about participatory project methodologies.

Nicholas Salonen

Analyst: Climate and Carbon

MSc Ocean and Atmospheric Science; BSc (Hons) Ocean and Atmospheric Science; BSc Ocean and Atmospheric Science, and Marine Biology

Nic works at C4 EcoSolutions as a data analyst having joined the company in 2021. He holds an MSc in Ocean and Atmospheric Science from the University of Cape Town where he investigated the potential mechanisms leading to rogue wave development in False Bay, South Africa. Prior to working at C4 he worked as a research assistant for the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) where he collected, analysed and managed data of invasive Australian acacias in the Western Cape and worked with programmes such as Working for Water. Nic is passionate about environmental data and the way it can be used to convey critical climate change information. He is also particularly interested in coastal ecosystems and numerical modelling.

Gabi Kietzka

Analyst: Climate and Carbon

PhD Conservation Ecology and Entomology; MSc Conservation Ecology and Entomology; BSc Conservation Ecology

Gabi joined C4 EcoSolutions in 2021 as a REDD+ project coordinator and data analyst. She holds a PhD in Conservation Ecology and Entomology from Stellenbosch University where she investigated the use of aquatic invertebrates as ecological indicators and biodiversity surrogates in the Western Cape and in KwaZulu-Natal. Although her studies largely involved assessments of aquatic insects, focus was not on the insects themselves but rather on their application in ecosystem management. Gabi is passionate about ecosystem conservation and in particular freshwater systems and their inhabitants.

Robbert Duker

Analyst: Spekboom restoration

PhD (plant environmental physiology), BSc Hons (botany), BSc (botany, geology)

Robbert joined the C4 team in 2021 as a spekboom project analyst. He has a background in spekboom ecophysiology and ecology, having studied this in detail from honors through to PhD. He is currently combining this knowledge with his experience in commercial horticulture in a complex blend of research, experimentation and on-the-ground analysis of spekboom planting protocols in our Sunday's River valley spekboom project. He has a keen interest in furthering our understanding of the environmental tolerances of spekboom, maximizing its growth rates, and generating both cost effective and robust protocols in both pre- and post-planting environments, with the aim of ensuring the success of our spekboom planting initiative.

Keith Steunenberg

Analyst: Spekboom restoration

BSc Honours in Botany; BSc in Botany and Environmental Science

Keith joined the C4 team as a Spekboom Project Analyst in 2021. He completed a BSc Honours in Botany; and holds a BSc degree in Botany and Environmental Science from Rhodes University. Keith’s dissertation investigated the impacts of drought and density dependent ecological processes on mortality of a bush encroaching pioneer, Vachellia karroo. Prior to joining C4, Keith was involved in a ground-breaking study conducted by the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI), where he worked as a field assistant and resource auditor. The project will contribute towards the development of appropriate policy and guidelines for wildlife ranching, and invariably the conservation of biodiversity in South Africa. Keith’s personal passion is to apply the knowledge and skills he has gained during his research and studies to thicket restoration, with the objective of having a positive effect on the environment.

Jessica Oosthuyse

Copywriter

BSc (Hons) Biodiversity and Ecology (ethnobotany); BSc Biodiversity and Ecology

Jess joined C4 as a Copywriter in 2021. She holds a BSc Honour’s degree in Biodiversity and Ecology from Stellenbosch University (SU). For her thesis, Jess worked with herbalists and traditional healers to better understand the relationship between the Xhosa culture and Eastern Cape forests, and the subsequent impact on species composition. Through this process, she quickly began to realise the value of effective communications in conservation and, after a short stint coordinating a new anti-poaching initiative, formally migrated to the communications space in 2018. At C4, Jess combines her background in ecology and writing skills to help bolster the technical writing component of the company, particularly in the development of project documents for submission to international climate funds. By making science relevant to society, Jess hopes to contribute towards an improved public perception of climate change.

Robyn Erasmus

Human Resources Manager

B.BusSci (Industrial Psychology Honours)

Robyn joined C4 EcoSolutions as Human Resources Manager in 2021. She brings a fresh perspective to people management in the company, drawing on experiences across a diverse range of small owner-led businesses as well as several large corporates. While the key focus of her roles have always been the people dynamics, effectiveness, and relationships within any company, she also has an aptitude for working with numbers, which has been invaluable in allowing her to work hand in hand with finance and management teams on issues relating to remuneration and payroll, employee benefits and management reporting.

Robyn’s particular interests in the Human Resource field include building resilience in the workplace, change management, working with management teams to improve leadership skills, and developing a collaborative culture in the workplace.

Debbie Buckley

Administrative Office Manager

Debbie joined C4 in 2014 and currently serves as the Administrative Office Manager. She is versatile, reliable and efficient, with more than 10 years’ experience supporting managers and executives in fast-paced environments. Through her role at C4, Debbie has developed a diverse skillset, including client relations, human resources, recruiting, project management and administrative support

Kayla Atkins

Intern

MSc Biological Sciences; BSc (Honours) Biological Sciences; BSc Applied Biology and Ecology & Evolution

Kayla joined C4 EcoSolutions in 2022 as an intern. She holds an MSc specializing in Biological Sciences from the University of Cape Town, where she investigated the hydraulic safety margins of Cape fynbos Restionaceae, focusing mainly on their tolerance limits in the face of extreme climate events such as drought and flooding. Kayla is particularly interested in plant ecophysiology as a proxy for adaptive capacity, biodiversity conservation and the development of sustainable and adaptive solutions that can help vulnerable communities deal with issues arising as a result of climate change.

Louise Brown

Intern

PGD Environmental Management, MPhil Environmental Management

Louise joined C4 EcoSolutions in 2022 as an intern. She attained her Postgraduate Diploma and Master of Philosophy in Environmental Management through Stellenbosch University’s School of Public Leadership. For her MPhil, Louise studied coastal wetland management as an effective climate response. Louise is particularly interested in a multidisciplinary approach to nature-based solutions for climate change adaptation and mitigation.

Chloé Cormack

Intern

SocSciHONS in Environmental Social Anthropology; BA in Journalism and Media Production

Chloé joined C4 Eco Solutions in 2022 as an intern. She holds a SocSci Honours in Social Anthropology from the University of Cape Town, where she researched the social dynamics surrounding a potential fracking industry in a small Karoo town in South Africa. She also has a BA in Journalism and Print Media Production also from UCT whereby she produced a magazine that focused on sustainable interventions, projects and developments and the cultural nuances and appreciation in the Cape Town region. Chloé upskilled her education with multiple short courses from worldwide accredited universities in sustainable development topics such as ES, NBS, water and sanitation, urban nature and finally, green interior design and architecture conceptual analysis and adaptation consulting. She is passionate about finding innovative and regenerative solutions to climate change impacts using multi-interdisciplinary approaches that protect people and the planet. In her spare time, she works on community upliftment projects focused on social bridging and upliftment through environmentally positive practises.

Matthew Dooley

Intern

MSc Aquaculture Science and Technology; BSc Ichthyology and Fisheries Science and Botany

Matt joined C4 EcoSolutions in 2022 as an intern. He completed an MSc in Australia where he used Environmental DNA to determine the distribution of a freshwater turtle species in the Burdekin Region of North-Eastern Queensland. Following his graduation, Matt worked as a marine biology guide on the Great Barrier Reef, educating tourists on the threats of coral bleaching. His areas of interest include fisheries science and aquatic ecosystem management, especially in relation to building resilient coastal communities.

Menelisi Falayi

Intern

MSc Environmental Science; BSc (Honours) Geography and Environmental Studies

Menelisi works at C4 EcoSolutions as an intern. He recently submitted his PhD in Environmental Science for examination. In his PhD research, he explored the dynamics that influence environmental governance systems in southern Africa. Prior to joining C4 EcoSolutions, Menelisi worked as an Environmental governance hub leader under the UNDP-GEF5 project. He is particularly interested in climate mitigation & adaptation, climate governance, energy poverty, REDD+ project design and implementation.

Jessica Stephens

Intern

BSc (Honours) Biodiversity and Ecology; BSc Biodiversity and Ecology

Jessica joined C4 EcoSolutions as an intern in 2022. She holds a BSc Honours degree in Biodiversity and Ecology from Stellenbosch University. For her thesis, Jessica focused on improving the feasibility of seagrass restoration in South Africa and developed the first ever tissue culture protocol for an indigenous seagrass species. Throughout this project, Jessica recognized the value of conserving keystone species and the ecosystem services they provide. She developed a passion for restoration ecology, which she hopes to combine with her passion for people to help build climate resilience in vulnerable communities.