PhD Soil Science, MPhil Environment and Development, MSc Environmental Geochemistry, BSc Zoology
Anthony is the founder and CEO of C4 EcoSolutions – a company of 23 climate change consultants and professional staff that develop innovative, evidence-based solutions for adapting to climate change and conserving biodiversity. C4 has been in operation since 2006 and has worked in 76 countries across Asia, Central America, Africa and the Caribbean. The company’s clients include inter alia the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), private firms such as CarbonPlus Capital, and national governments. Anthony is also an Extraordinary Professor in the Department of Soil Science, Stellenbosch University, where he undertakes primary research on soil chemistry and ecology. Anthony’s academic qualifications include a BSc Zoology (University of Cape Town), MSc Environmental Geochemistry (University of Cape Town), an MPhil in Environment and Development (University of Cambridge) and a PhD in Soil Science (Stellenbosch University). Anthony regularly publishes in the peer-reviewed academic literature on a wide range of topics, including soil chemistry, ecology, ecosystem restoration, climate change adaptation and carbon sequestration.
MSc Ecology, Environment and Conservation, BSc (Honours)
Nick has wide-ranging experience in designing and implementing ecosystem-based adaptation projects in developing countries. His work at C4 has included: leading and coordinating the development of GEF adaptation projects for a range of clients; developing several GEF PIFs; undertaking baseline assessments for an Adaptation Fund project in Cambodia; and leading the development of a GEF-SCCF project in Albania for UNEP, GEF-LDCF Global Support Programmes for UNEP and UNDP, and a GEF-LDCF project in Angola. Nick is also the Chief Technical Advisor for an Adaptation Fund project in Cambodia for UNEP. Before joining C4, Nick worked as a Biodiversity Specialist – focusing on birds – for the North West Provincial Government in South Africa. This work linked to his MSc research which focused on biodiversity in riverine ecosystems in the Kruger National Park.
PhD Environmental Science, MSc International Development, BSc (Honours) Political Science, International Relations, BSc Political Science
Dr Marie-Ange Baudoin joined C4 EcoSolutions in 2016 to lead the development and implementation of adaptation projects in French-speaking countries. This work aligns with her research background and personal interests that focus on human development, climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR). Her work at C4 includes being the Chief Technical Advisor for a GEF-LDCF adaptation project in Djibouti. Before joining C4, Marie-Ange gained extensive experience leading academic and applied research on CCA and DRR, as well as in monitoring and evaluating projects. Her previous work included being the Technical Advisor on an AF project in South Africa. She also conducted evaluations of several USAID-OFDA DRR projects in the Greater Horn of Africa and the Hindu-Kush-Himalaya region. Marie-Ange’s PhD focused on assessing climate vulnerability and adaptation capacity among farming communities in Benin, as well as the role of civil and governmental organisations in supporting climate adaptation among rural communities. Her study included an analysis of international CCA programmes implemented in Least Developed Countries, namely the NAPAs.
PhD Zoology, MSc Zoology (Marine Biology), BSc (Honours) Zoology, BSc Zoology, Ecology and Marine Biology
Dr Robert Raw joined the C4 EcoSolutions team in 2017 as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant. Coming from an academic background, Robert has developed a keen interest in the use of innovative, multidisciplinary approaches to sustainable development, with a current focus on using Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) – supported by comprehensive social and economic data – to build the resilience of vulnerable communities to the impacts of climate change. His work at C4 has included coordinating the development of several GCF and GEF adaptation projects, as well as serving as a technical advisor to the UN Environment EbA South project in Nepal. Prior to joining C4, Robert focused on academic research, with experience in habitat fragmentation, population demographics and behavioural ecology. His PhD research investigated the role of echolocation in the communication of horseshoe bats and how this could have influenced the evolution of acoustic signals. During his studies, Robert also worked part-time as an environmental consultant, conducting EIAs for the renewable energy sector in South Africa.
MSc Environmental & Geographical Sciences, BSc (Honours) Environmental & Geographical Sciences, BSc Ecology and Environmental & Geographical Sciences
René works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant. Previously, he has worked on Information & Communication Technology (ICT) projects for water utilities in Sub-Saharan Africa and in sustainability management in Switzerland. He holds an MSc in Environmental & Geographical Sciences from the University of Cape Town. His MSc thesis focussed on Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS). His interests lie particularly in adaptation in urban environments, water management and the role of insurance in climate resilience.
MSc Environmental Economics, MSc Economic Analysis & Policy, BSc Economics & Econometrics
Pierre is an international consultant who works on climate change and environmental projects. His academic background is in economics and environmental studies, having completed MSc’s in Economic Analysis and Policy as well as Environmental Economics. Prior to his current consulting work, Pierre worked as a Sustainable Development Consultant for Nomadéis in France, a Diplomatic Attaché in New York City and an Internal Economics Auditor for INVIVO in France. Pierre is particularly interested in environmental economics and understanding political settings and institutional systems. With C4, Pierre has worked on the Global Environment Facility EbA South project as a technical advisor to the Chinese Academy of Sciences and has participated to the development of several Green Climate Fund projects for UN Environment and UNDP.
MSc Environmental and Geographical Sciences, BSc Hons Environmental Management, ND Landscape Technology
Prior to joining the C4 EcoSolutions team, Penelope has accrued over 9 years’ experience as an environmental management practitioner, specialising in ecological restoration. Her experience includes environmental management and impact assessment, ecological restoration and rehabilitation, project planning and implementation, staff training and management, and, scientific research and publication. Penelope’s MSc thesis focussed on the ecological restoration of Peninsula Shale Renosterveld, one of many critically endangered lowland ecosystems of the Fynbos Biome. One aspect of her research used multifactorial experimentation in old fields to test the effects of disturbance-intervention treatments — including fire, tillage, herbicide application, rodent exclusion and seeding — on seed germination and community recovery. Through the application of science and best-practice, Penelope is committed to the urgent need to build climate resilience in local communities, promoting the conservation of biodiversity across scales.
PhD Zoology, BSc (Honours) Zoology, BSc Zoology Botany, Geography and Geology
Dr Jessica Allen works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant. Prior to working at C4, she held a Post-Doctoral position at Stellenbosch University. Her PhD thesis focussed on latitudinal patterns of variation in adaptive capacity and phenotypic plasticity in arthropods. Jessica is particularly interested in climate change adaptation, invasive species and environmental restoration. Her skills include data handling and analysis in R, with a focus on mixed modelling, Bayesian inference and mapping, as well as data visualisation and science communication. Her work at C4 has included the Natural Soil Infrastructure and Ecosystem Services Assessment research project (funded by the South African government’s Department of Environmental Affairs), as well as large-scale adaptation projects in South Africa and abroad.
MSc Botany (Cum Laude), BSC (Honours) Botany, BSc Biodiversity & Ecology (Cum Laude)
Pieter works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant. He holds a Master’s degree in Botany from Stellenbosch University, where he investigated the loss of bird pollinators in the Cape Floristic Region. Prior to working for C4, Pieter worked in Colombia and in Panama, where he assisted on projects at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Pieter is particularly interested in pollination ecology, invasion biology, conservation and sustainable development.
MSc Zoology, BSc (Honours) Wildlife Management, BSc Veterinary Biology
Kevin works at C4 as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant. His previous experience includes working as an endangered species monitor in northern KwaZulu-Natal, where he was involved in the daily monitoring and management of species such as African wild dog, cheetah and black rhinoceros. Prior to working at C4 EcoSolutions Kevin worked as a research technician for the Sasol Serval Project in Secunda, Mpumalanga, where he was involved in studying the population ecology of the elusive feline. His additional experience includes involvement in studies focusing on populations of large carnivores – including leopards and spotted hyaenas – and research on small carnivores and rodents in disturbed landscapes. Kevin is particularly interested in biodiversity conservation, the mitigation of human-wildlife conflict, sustainable development and the role of the biological control of rodent pests in strengthening food security.
MSc Conservation Ecology, MSc Tropical Resource Ecology, BSc Geography and Biology
Thabisisani works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant. His work at C4 has included: undertaking baseline assessments for GEF-LDCF projects in The Gambia and Lesotho; developing a programme document for a large-scale ecosystem-based adaptation (EBA) in Turkey’s Mediterranean forests; and conducting research on the capacity of restored subtropical thicket to support wildlife and sequester carbon under the Department of Environmental Affairs’ Subtropical Thicket Restoration Project. Thabisisani holds a Master’s degree in Conservation Ecology from Stellenbosch University, where he investigated the impacts of a widespread alien invasive tree, Prosopis, on the ecosystem structure, function and agricultural productivity of Nama Karoo rangeland in South Africa.
MSc Zoology, BSc (Honours) Botany, BSc Evolutionary Biology, Biodiversity and Zoology
Alicia Raw joined the C4 EcoSolutions team in 2018 and works as an Analyst, assisting in the development of climate change adaptation projects. Prior to joining C4, she focused on environmental impact assessments for the renewable energy sector. Her academic background is in the fields of Evolutionary Biology, Biodiversity and Zoology, with an MSc from the University of Cape Town. Through her academic and professional careers, Alicia developed an appreciation for the importance of natural ecosystems and the role they can play in sustainable development. In particular, she has a keen interest in the potential for using ecosystem restoration to help vulnerable communities adapt to climate change.
BSc (Honours) Biological Sciences (cum laude), BSc Environmental and Geographical Sciences and Applied Biology (distinction)
Hannah completed a two-week training programme and is now employed at C4 as an intern. Since joining C4, she has worked on developing Green Climate Fund (GCF) and Adaptation Fund (AF) projects for several countries, including South Africa, Swaziland, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan. Her Honours thesis investigated the utility of drone technology in assessing drought stress in plants. Through such work, Hannah became skilled in drone operation, data handling and analysis using R as well as in science and popular science communication. She is particularly interested in urban ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA), plant ecophysiology, remote sensing and sustainable human development. Hannah is due to start her MSc (Environmental Change and Management) at the University of Oxford in September.
MSc Social Anthropology, BA (Honours) Archaeology, BA Anthropology & Archaeology
Chester works at C4 EcoSolutions as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant. He holds a MSc in Social Anthropology from the University of Amsterdam, where he investigated the barriers to cooperative development strategies and land restitution on a community scale in South Africa. Prior to joining C4 Chester worked as an archaeological researcher focussing on human adaptation to arid environments and the development of early human symbolism in Southern Africa. He also has experience working as a heritage consultant and as an archaeological collections curator. Through his work in the field of archaeology Chester has developed a strong interest in socio-ecological systems and human adaptation and his current focus is on the development of integrated resilience strategies for vulnerable and marginal populations.
BA Geography and Environmental Sciences
Sean is employed as an Analyst at C4 EcoSolutions. During his time at the company, he has worked on several Green Climate Fund (GCF) projects for African and Asian countries, such as South Africa, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Indonesia and the Philippines. His work at C4, to date, has included: coordinating the development of projects; working with a team of consultants to design and write project documents; monitoring and evaluation of a restoration project funded by the Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) and undertaken in the Eastern Cape; reviewing and editing project documents and scientific reports produced by C4 staff; and managing online learning within the company.
Ruan de Wet
BSc (Honours) Biological Sciences, BSc Applied Biology, Geology
Ruan completed a two-week training programme with C4 EcoSolutions and now works as an intern. He is also currently an MSc candidate at UCT, investigating the applications of stable water isotopes for water management in a changing climate. Prior to joining C4 EcoSolutions Ruan worked as a research assistant for an environmental consulting firm with a focus on grassland and savanna veld management. He is particularly interested in climate change adaptation, sustainable development and savanna ecology.
MSc Conservation Biology, BSc (Honours) Biological Sciences, BSc Applied Biology, Ecology and Evolution
Sarah completed a two-week training programme with C4 EcoSolutions and now works as an intern. She holds an MSc degree in Conservation Biology from the University of Cape Town where she investigated how fluctuating human activity and associated anthropogenic food availability affect behaviour and parental care of Red-winged Starlings. Prior to joining C4, Sarah spent a year working for the South African Bird Ringing Unit where she assisted with data collection and curation. During this time, she joined an Earthwatch project, collecting data from the African Penguin colony on Robben Island. Sarah is particularly interested in community ecology, evolutionary biology, conservation and sustainable development.
BSc (Honours) Environmental & Geographical Sciences, BSc Environmental & Geographical Sciences and Geoinformatics
Simlindile completed a 2-week training programme with C4 EcoSolutions and now works as an intern with the team of Climate Change and Environmental Consultants within C4. She holds a BSc in Environmental & Geographical Sciences and GeoInformatics and a BSc (Honours) in Environmental & Geographical Sciences from the University of Cape Town. Her interests lie particularly in the impacts of governance and conservation on rural livelihoods. Simlindile is currently completing her MSc by dissertation at the University of Cape Town focussing on the influence and consequences of plural governance on the livelihoods of rural communities. She hopes to continue to conduct research and work with rural communities and governing structures in South Africa, and perhaps, Africa.
MSc Environmental Chemistry, BSc (Honours) Atmospheric and Environmental Science, BSc Atmospheric and Environmental Science
MJ works as a researcher at C4 EcoSolutions. Since starting at C4 he has worked primarily on the Natural Soil Infrastructure and Ecosystem Services Assessment research project, funded by the South African government’s Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA). Prior to working at C4, MJ worked as a research assistant on Marion Island where he studied climate change and landscape interactions. MJ’s academic qualifications include a BSc Environmental and Atmospheric Science (University of Cape Town), a BSc (Honours) Environmental Chemistry (University of Cape Town) and a MSc Freshwater Chemistry and Climate Change (University of Cape Town). MJ’s skills include data handling, analysis and visualisation in R as well as science communication. MJ has published in the peer-reviewed academic literature on topics including climate change, freshwater chemistry, sub-Antarctic environments and palaeoclimatology.
Debbie Buckley is C4’s office manager/administration assistant and manages the logistics of C4’s missions across Africa, the Pacific, Latin America and Asia.
BTech Nature Conservation, ND Nature Conservation
Adele works at C4 EcoSolutions as the project coordinator. In this role, she is responsible for managing the logistical and operational functions to ensure projects are delivered to clients on time and to the required quality standard. She is also overseeing the Natural Soil Infrastructure and Ecosystem Services Assessment research project, funded by the South African government Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA). This project is investigating soil-plant interactions within the DEA natural resource management (NRM) programme, with the aim of improving the management of alien woody plants. Adele is also overseeing the Thicket Restoration Project. This project is implementing different restoration techniques across several farms in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Prior to joining the C4 team, Adele worked for the City of Cape Town’s Biodiversity Management Branch for 12 years. During her time there, Adele worked in various capacities, starting as an experiential training student before moving through various levels of management to eventually become the Monitoring and Evaluation Coordinator.
BCom (Hons) Business Management, BCom Marketing Management
Stephanie works at C4 as a Project Manager. In this role, she is responsible for managing the logistical and operational functions to ensure projects are delivered to clients on time and to the required quality standard. Prior to joining the C4 team, Stephanie worked for First National Bank for nine years. After completing a two-year graduate training programme, she joined FNB Online Banking as a Project and eventually Programme Manager. During her time with FNB, Stephanie worked on multiple complex projects simultaneously, with cross-segment and cross-system dependencies including implementing projects into the FirstRand Bank Subsidiaries. Stephanie managed a combination of software development projects, as well as Microsoft Web, Legal, Compliance, Fraud and Prevention projects. As a Programme Manager, she coordinated a team Of Project Managers to deliver within the agreed quality standards.
BA Political Science and International Studies (Cum Laude), AA Humanities and Social Science (Cum Laude)
Lisa works at C4 EcoSolutions as Office Coordinator, assisting with the day-to-day operations. Her academic background is in social science, international studies and political philosophy. Prior to working at C4, Lisa worked for the Florida House of Representatives in the United States, managing the logistical operations of a three-county congressional district in northern Florida. Her main areas of interest are community liaising, social assistance, office management and executive assistance.