C4ES, in collaboration with Anchor Environmental Consultants, identified private sector business opportunities in restoration/conservation of ecosystems in the Western Cape. Appropriate financing mechanisms and public sector activities were described for catalysing such investments. The project is part of the Western Cape Green Economy Strategy Framework, Green is Smart. This framework includes Smart Ecosystems as one of its five focal areas. The Smart Ecosystems focal area seeks to facilitate strategic investments in the protection, restoration and management of ecosystems.