PUBLICATIONS

The C4 EcoSolutions’ team publishes extensively in the scientific, peer-reviewed literature across a wide range of disciplines. These include botany, carbon sequestration, climate change adaptation, conservation biology, ecology, restoration ecology, soil science, and zoology.

YearPrimary AuthorCo AuthorsTitleSourceDOI
2018Thomas RJReed M, Clifton K, Appadurai AN, Mills AJ. et al.A framework for scaling sustainable land management optionsLand Degradation and Developmentdoi.org/10.1002/ldr.3080
2018Mills AJAllen, JLSearching for David within the Goliath of alien woody plant invasions in the Western Cape ProvinceSouth African Journal of Sciencedoi.org/10.17159/sajs.2018/a0285
2005Mills AJO?Connor TG, Donaldson JS, Fey MV, Skowno AL, Sigwela AM, Lechmere-Oertel RG & Bosenberg JD. Ecosystem carbon storage under different land uses in three semi-arid shrublands and a mesic grassland in South Africa.South African Journal of Plant and Soildoi.org/10.1080/02571862.2005.10634705
2005Mills AJFey MV.Interactive response of herbivores, soils and vegetation to annual burning in a South African savanna.Austral Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.2005.01487.x
2005Mills AJCowling RM, Fey MV, Kerley, GIH Donaldson JS, Lechmere-Oertal RG, Sigwale AM, Skowno AL & Rundel P.Effects of goat pastoralism on ecosystem carbon storage in semiarid thicket, Eastern Cape, South Africa.Austral Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.2005.01523.x
2004Mills AJFey MV.Transformation of thicket to savanna reduces soil quality in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.Plant and Soildoi.org/10.1007/s11104-005-0534-2
2004Mills AJFey MV.Frequent fires intensify soil crusting: physicochemical feedback in the pedoderm of long-term burn experiments in South Africa.Geodermadoi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2003.10.004
2004Mills AJFey MV.A simple laboratory infiltration method for measuring the tendency of soils to crust.Soil Use and Managementdoi.org/10.1079/SUM2003213
2004Mills AJFey MV.Effects of vegetation cover on the tendency of soil to crust in South Africa.Soil Use and Managementdoi.org/10.1079/SUM2004262
2004Mills AJFey MV.Soil carbon and nitrogen in five contrasting biomes of South Africa.South African Journal of Plant and Soildoi.org/10.1080/02571862.2004.10635030
2004O?Connor TGUys RG & Mills AJ.Ecological effects of firebreaks in the montane grasslands of the southern Drakensberg, South Africa.African Journal of Range and Forage Sciencedoi.org/10.2989/10220110409485828
2003Mills AJFey MV.Declining soil quality in South Africa: effects of land use on soil organic matter and surface crusting.South African Journal of Science
2007Milton SJDean WRJ, O?Connor TG & Mills AJ. Scaling up from site-based research to a national research and monitoring network: lessons from Tierberg Karoo Research Centre and other design considerations.South African Journal of Science
2007Mills AJTurpie J, Cowling RM, Marais C, Kerley GIH, Lechmere-Oertel RG, Sigwela AM & Powell M. Assessing costs, benefits and feasibility of subtropical thicket restoration in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.Restoring Natural Capital
2006Fey MVMills AJ & Yaalon DH.The alternative meaning of pedoderm and its use for soil surface characterisation.Geodermadoi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2005.07.018
2006Mills AJMorkel P, Amiyo A, Runyoro V, Borner M & Thirgood S. Managing small populations in practice: black rhino in the Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania.Oryxdoi.org/10.1017/S0030605306000901
2006Mills AJFey MV, Grongroft A, Petersen A & Medinski TV.Unravelling the effects of soil properties on water infiltration: segmented quantile regression on a large data set from arid southwest Africa.Australian Journal of Soil Researchdoi.org/10.1071/SR05180
2006Mills AJThe role of salinity and sodicity in the dieback of Acacia xanthophloea in Ngorongoro Caldera, Tanzania.African Journal of Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2006.00616.x
2006Mills AJCowling RM.Rate of carbon sequestration at two thicket restoration sites in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.Restoration Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/j.1526-100X.2006.00103.x
2006Mills AJRogers KH, Stalmans M & Witkowski ETF.A framework for the scaled exploration of the determinants of savanna and grassland distribution: a challenge for the new generation of ecologists.Biosciencedoi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2006)56[579:AFFETD]2.0.CO;2
2005Mills AJFey MV & Johnson CE.Ionic strength as a measure of sulphate salinity stress: effects of sodium sulphate, sodium chloride and manganese sulphate on kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) growth and ion uptake.South African Journal of Plant and Soildoi.org/10.1080/02571862.2004.10635051
2007Fey MVFrancis ML, Prinsloo HP, Ellis F, Mills AJ, de Clercq WP, Sinjan E & Medinski TV. Soils of Namaqualand: compensations for aridity.Journal of Arid Environmentsdoi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2006.12.028
2007Mills AJMilewski AV.Geophagy and micronutrient supplementation in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania, with particular reference to selenium, cobalt, and molybdenum.Journal of Zoologydoi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2006.00241.x
2007Turpie JKO'Connor TG, Mills AJ & Robertson H.The ecological and economic consequences of changing land use in the southern Drakensberg grasslands.South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciencesdoi.org/10.4102/sajems.v10i4.1057
2008Brown RMills AJ & Jack C.Non-rainfall moisture inputs in the Knersvlakte: methodology and preliminary findings.Water SA
2009Sako AMills AJ & Roychoudhury AN.Rare earth and trace element geochemistry of termite mounds in central and northeastern Namibia: Mechanisms for micro-nutrient accumulation.Geodermadoi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.08.011
2009Sigwela ACowling R, Kerley G & Mills AJ.The impact of browsing-induced degradation on the reproduction of subtropical thicket canopy shrubs and trees.South African Journal of Botanydoi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2008.12.001
2009Medinksi TVMills AJ & Fey MV.Relationships between soil particle size fractions and infiltrability.South African Journal of Plant and Soildoi.org/10.1080/02571862.2009.10639948
2009Medinksi TVMills AJ & Fey MV.Infiltrability in soils from south-western Africa: effects of texture, electrical conductivity and exchangeable sodium percentage.South African Journal of Plant and Soildoi.org/10.1080/02571862.2009.10639949
2009Mills AJMilewski A, Fey MV, Groengroeft A & Peterson A. Fungus culturing, nutrient mining and geophagy: a geochemical investigation of Macrotermes and Trinervitermes mounds in southern Africa.Journal of Zoologydoi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2008.00544.x
2008Lechmere-Oertel RGKerley GIH, Mills AJ & Cowling RM.Litter dynamics across browsing-induced fenceline contrasts in succulent thicket, South Africa.South African Journal of Botanydoi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2008.04.002
2009Mills AJFey MV, Donaldson J, Todd S & Theron L. Soil infiltrability as a driver of plant cover and species richness in the semi-arid Karoo, South Africa.Plant and Soildoi.org/10.1007/s11104-009-9904-5
2009Fox SCMills AJ & Poch RM.Micromorphology of surface crusts in the Knersvlakte, South Africa.Journal of Mountain Sciencedoi.org/10.1007/s11629-009-1036-0
2011Cowling RMMills AJ.A preliminary assessment of rain throughfall beneath Portulacaria afra canopy in subtropical thicket and its implications for soil carbon stocks.South African Journal of Botanydoi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2010.06.004
2011Mills AJCowling RM, Steyn D, Spekreijse J & Van den Broeck D, Weel S & Boogerd C. Portulacaria afra is constrained under extreme soil conditions in the Fish River Reserve, Eastern Cape, South Africa.South African Journal of Botanydoi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2010.12.008
2011Mills AJFey MV, Kgope B, Donaldson J & Bosenberg JD.Detecting the onset of rangeland degradation using soil respiration and boundary lines: preliminary findings from the Nama Karoo.Africa Journal of Range and Forage Sciencedoi.org/10.2989/10220119.2011.608903
2010Stephenson JMills, AJ, Eksteen J, Milewski AV & Myburgh J.Geochemistry of mineral licks at Loskop Dam Nature Reserve, Mpumalanga, South Africa.Environmental Geochemistry and Healthdoi.org/10.1007/s10653-010-9313-y
2010Mills AJCowling RM.Below-ground carbon stocks in intact and transformed subtropical thicket landscapes in semi-arid South Africa.Journal of Arid Environmentsdoi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.07.002
2010Fey MVMilewski AV & Mills AJ.Animals in soil environments.Soils of South Africadoi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511782183.004
2010Milewski AVMills AJ.Does life consistently maximise energy intensity?Biological Reviewsdoi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185X.2010.00131.x
2012Kaseke KFMills AJ, Henschel J, Seely MK, Esler K & Brown R. The effects of desert pavements (gravel mulch) on soil micro-hydrology.Pure and Applied Geophysics.doi.org/10.1007/s00024-011-0367-2
2012Kaseke KFMills AJ, Esler K, Henschel J, Seely MK & Brown R.Spatial variation of ?non-rainfall? water input and the effect of mechanical soil crusts on input and evaporation.Pure and Applied Geophysicsdoi.org/10.1007/s00024-012-0469-5
2012Mills AJMilewski AV, Sirami C, Rogers KH, Witkowski ETF, Stalmans M & Fey MV. Aerosol capture by small trees in savannas marginal to treeless grassland in South Africa.Geodermadoi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2012.05.006
2012Mills AJBirch SC, Stephenson JD & Bailey RV. Carbon stocks in fynbos, pastures and vineyards on the Agulhas Plain, South Africa: a preliminary assessment.South African Journal of Plant and Soildoi.org/10.1080/02571862.2012.730636
2012Kumamoto MMills AJ.What African countries perceive to be adaptation priorities: results from 20 countries in the Africa Adaptation Programme.Climate and Developmentdoi.org/10.1080/17565529.2012.733676
2012Van der Vyfer MLCowling RM, Mills AJ & Difford M. Spontaneous return of biodiversity in restored subtropical thicket: Portulacaria afra as an ecosystem engineer.Restoration Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/rec.12000
2011Zedda LGr”ngr”ft A, Schultz M, Petersen A, Mills AJ & Rambold G.Distribution patterns of soil lichens across the principal biomes of southern Africa.Journal of Arid Environmentsdoi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2010.10.007
2014Mills AJCowling RM.How fast can carbon credits be generated through restoration of degraded subtropical thicket?Restoration Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/rec.12117
2013Mills AJMilewski AV, Rogers KH, Witkowski ETF & Stalmans M. Boundary of treeless grassland in relation to nutrient content of soils on the Highveld of South Africa.Geodermadoi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.02.007
2013Seymour CLMills AJ, Milewski AV, Joseph GS, Cumming DHM, Mahlangu Z. Do the large termite mounds of Macrotermes concentrate micronutrients in addition to macronutrients in nutrient-poor African savannas?Soil Biology and Biochemistrydoi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2013.09.022
2013Mills AJBirch SC, Stanway R, Huyser O, Chisholm RA, Sirami C & Spear D.Sequestering carbon and restoring renosterveld though fallowing: a practical conservation approach for the Overberg, Cape Floristic Region, South Africa.Conservation Lettersdoi.org/10.1111/conl.12003
2013Mills AJMilewski AV, Fey MV, Gr”ngr”ft A, Petersen M & Sirami C. Constraint on woody cover in relation to nutrient content of soils in western southern Africa.Oikosdoi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2012.20417.x
2012Kaseke KFMills AJ, Brown R, Esler K, Henschel J & Seely MK. A method for direct assessment of the “non rainfall” atmospheric water cycle: input and evaporation from the soil.Pure and Applied Geophysicsdoi.org/10.1007/s00024-011-0328-9
2015Milewski AVMills AJ.Why was the Highveld treeless? Looking laterally to the Pampas for global edaphic principles beyond biogeographical incidents.South African Journal of Botanydoi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2015.05.019
2015Mills AJVyver M, Gordon I, Patwardhan A, Marais C, Blignaut J, Sigwela A & Kgope B.Prescribing innovation within a large-scale restoration programme in degraded subtropical thicket in South Africa.Forestsdoi.org/10.3390/f6114328
2014Baudoin M-ACuni Sanchez A & Fandohan B.Small scale farmers’ vulnerability to climatic changes in southern Benin: the importance of farmers? perceptions of existing institutions.Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Changedx.doi.org/10.1007/s11027-013-9468-9
2014Mills AJSpear D, Ndhlovu T, Knight MH, Pienke DM, Hofmeyr S & Cowling RM. Biomass of large herbivores in South African subtropical thicket.African Journal of Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/aje.12162
2018Mills AJHunter R.Restoration of wetlands on the Agulhas Plain is unlikely to generate peat.South African Journal of Sciencedoi.org/10.17159/sajs.2018/a0252
2017Mander MJewitt G, Dini J, Glenday J, Blignaut J, Hughes C, Marais C, Maze K, van der Waal B & Mills AJ.Modelling potential hydrological returns from investing in ecological infrastructure: case studies from the Baviaanskloof-Tsitsikamma and uMngeni catchments, South Africa.Ecosystem Servicesdoi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2017.03.003
2017Baudoin M-AVogel C, Nortje K, & Naik M.Living with drought in South Africa: lessons learnt from the recent El Ni¤o drought period.International Journal of Disaster Risk Reductiondoi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.05.005
2017Mills AJMilewski AV, Snyman D & Jordaan JJ.Effects of anabolic and catabolic nutrients on woody plant encroughment after long-term experimental fertilization in a South African savanna.PLoS ONEdoi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0179848
2017Mills AJRobson, A.Survivorship of spekboom (Portulacaria afra) planted within the Subtropical Thicket Restoration Programme.South African Journal of Sciencedoi.org/10.17159/sajs.2017/a0196
2016Baudoin M-AZiervogel G.What role for local organisations in climate change adaptation? Insights from South Africa.Regional Environmental Changedx.doi.org/10.1007/s10113-016-1061-9
2016Simon HRUnderstanding the polarisation of environmental and social activism in South Africa.South African Journal of Sciencedx.doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2016/a0180.
2016Mills AJMilewski AV, & Sirami C. A preliminary test of catabolic nutrients in explanation of the puzzling treelessness of grassland in mesic Australia.Austral Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/aec.12385
2015Baudoin M-AWolde-Georgis T.Disaster risk reduction in the greater horn of Africa: identifying lessons for hydro-meteorological risk management.International Journal of Disaster Risk Sciencedx.doi.org/10.1007/s13753-015-0041-x
2015Tozier de la Poterie ABaudoin M-A.From Yokohama to Sendai: approaches to participation in international disaster risk reduction frameworks.International Journal of Disaster Risk Sciencedx.doi.org/10.1007/s13753-015-0053-6
2018Mills AJMilton SJ, Taplin BD & Allen JL.Viability of watering Portulacaria afra truncheons to facilitate restoration of subtropical thicket: Results from a nursery experiment and cost model.South African Journal of Botanydoi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2017.10.017