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In 2011, world leaders met in Bonn and set the ambitious goal of restoring 150 million hectares of degraded forest land by 2020.

They named their goal the Bonn Challenge. The Aichi Biodiversity Target 15 within the Convention on Biological Diversity has a similar goal, namely the restoration of at least 15% of degraded ecosystems globally. Two challenges facing these goals are how to fund this large-scale restoration and how to ensure that it is implemented effectively. The C4 team specialises in overcoming these challenges and developing funding mechanisms as well as restoration protocols for specific ecosystems.


•   Experiment with a wide range of interventions for generating tailored ecosystems that yield a wide range of products for local communities.
•   Develop rigorous financial models that include cash flows from a wide range of products over the long-term.
•   Work with financial experts, governments, financial institutions and impact investors to develop bridging finance mechanisms.
•   Undertake long-term research to monitor the effects of the interventions on biodiversity as well as community livelihoods.

“ C4 EcoSolutions has developed a project for the Asia-Pacific region which will build the climate resilience of poor urban communities through ecosystem-based adaptation within pilot cities in Bhutan, Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar. City-specific activities will include urban reforestation, urban agriculture and restoration of wetlands in urban areas. In addition to restoring ecosystems, these activities will enhance local communities’ livelihoods. ”

Carrie TaconBSc Honours in Environmental Management, LLB, LLM in Environmental Law