Our team

The C4 Ethos

We undertake our work with a great sense of responsibility to the communities receiving funding, the biodiversity being conserved, and the global taxpayers and/or private investors funding the interventions. Our philosophy is to always go the extra mile to provide excellent service to our clients.

Navigate to:

Management  •  Project Leadership  •  Consultants  •   Scientists & Researchers  •   Administration  •   Associates   •    Interns   •   Maintenance

Management

Anthony Mills

CEO

PhD Soil Science
MPhil Environment and Development
MSc Environmental Geochemistry
BSc Zoology

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Anthony is the founder and CEO of C4EcoSolutions and AfriCarbon. The focus of his career has been to catalyse investments in ecosystem restoration and regenerative agriculture within the public and private sectors so hundreds of millions of hectares can be restored. He has worked on GCF and GEF projects and designed the strategy on the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration. He is working with a wide range of private sector investors to realise the vision of restoring one million hectares of degraded thicket landscapes in the Eastern Cape, South Africa (www.mdpi.com/199-4907/611/4238). Anthony is also an Extraordinary Professor in the Department of Soil Science, Stellenbosch University where he undertakes primary research on soil chemistry and ecology.

Barbara Ikin

General Manager

MBA specialising in Executive Leadership
BA Applied Psychology
BCom

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Barbara Ikin is a leadership consultant who specialises in Conscious Leadership. She has over 17 years management experience in diverse settings, including healthcare, banking, the non-profit sector, and hygiene and sanitation, as well as international experience. Her role at C4 is to support the leadership team in developing the right skills and processes for managing in uncertainty and complexity. She works closely with the team to develop relationship intelligence in teams, building resilience and emotional intelligence, and ensuring the organisation is on track to being a leader in the industry, in terms of employee well-being and engagement, as well as one of excellence and innovation.

Wendy Stone

Project Coordinator

PhD Environmental and Applied Science Management
MSc and BSc (Honours) Applied Microbiology
BSc Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

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Countries: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Canada, South Africa
Wendy has 10 years of experience in coordinating multi-national projects, focusing on the intersection between environmental issues and community development. Her roles have spanned project coordination and administration, laboratory-based research and stakeholder engagement, remote in-field technology installation and data gathering, as well as education and team development. She has enjoyed working in fields as diverse as law and engineering, with a particular interest in soil science and macro- and micro-ecology. The intersection between human relationships and scientific rigour has been her core focus. She has a keen interest in building sincere, long-term multi-sectorial collaborations as a key response to the increasing instability in the wake of climate fluctuations.

Project Leadership

Robbert Duker

Lead Scientist: Climate and Environment

PhD Plant Environmental Physiology
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Robbert joined the C4 team in 2021 as a spekboom project analyst and now leads our implementation arm. He has a background in spekboom ecophysiology and ecology, having studied this in detail from honors through to PhD. During his time at C4, he has coupled his academic background with his experience in commercial-scale horticulture to implement the Kuzuko Thicket Restoration Project; a massive project with a diverse team of over 350 people, who planted over 30 million spekboom in a big five game reserve. Robbert and the implementation wing are now in the preparatory phases of the Spekboom Thicket Restoration Project, which aims to restore more than 100,000 hectares of degraded thicket landscapes across the Eastern Cape. He and the implementation arm are also starting to apply their lessons from the Kuzuko project in other restoration projects around the world, with the vision of pushing back degraded lands and deserts across the globe.

Jaun van Loggerenberg

Lead Scientist: Climate and Carbon

PhD Environmental Sciences (ongoing)
MSc Environmental Sciences
BSc (Honours) Environmental Sciences
BArtEtScientia Town and Regional Planning

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Jaun joined our team in 2022 and works as a remote sensing specialist. For his MSc, he investigated the spatial and temporal variability of rainfall in South Africa. He is pursuing a PhD in Environmental Sciences which focuses on using remote sensing to characterise maize crops in South Africa. He has over 8 years experience in using GIS and remote sensing in numerous conservation, climate, agriculture and ecosystem projects. Prior to joining C4, he worked on developing bespoke remote sensing solutions for farmers in South Africa to monitor crops, implementing climate change adaptation programs in Sahel, West Africa and developing GIS solutions for complex environmental challenges.

Kelly Vlieghe

Principal Technical Consultant

PhD Ecological Zoology
BSc (Honours) Zoology
BSc Zoology and Environmental and Geographical Sciences, including climatology

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Countries: Philippines, Jordan, Mauritania, Antigua and Barbuda, Vietnam, Botswana, Rwanda, Tanzania, Vanuatu, Mauritius, Liberia, Namibia, Tuvalu
Skills: technical writing for GCF and GEF projects; project leadership; project logical frameworks; Theory of Change development; project indicators; monitoring and evaluation and climate impact analysis.

Kelly is experienced in scientific, in-field data collection and analysis as well as writing reports and scientific papers. She has extensive experience in developing and/or leading project development teams for climate change adaptation project proposals, concept notes, funding proposals and PPGs. She has led many in-country missions and assisted with strategic action plans for food and drought management and food security.

Reinhardt Hauptfleisch

Principal Consultant: Climate and Carbon

MSc Geography and Environmental Management
BSc (Honours) Environmental and Biological Sciences
BSc Environmental and Biological Sciences

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Countries: South Africa, Rwanda, Zimbabwe, Togo, Zambia, Mozambique, Kenya, Uganda, Eswatini, Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania
Skills: agricultural and precision farming; geospatial assessment of agriculture value chains; micro and mesoscale meteorology; climatology, database design; development and management.

Reinhardt is an environmental specialist who addresses climate and environmental challenges through a multidisciplinary approach encompassing carbon sequestration projects, climate adaptation strategies, and geospatial analysis. He employs recognised methodologies from standards such as Verra, VCS, CDM and GS to design and implement carbon projects in agriculture, forestry and land use.

Keith Steunenberg

Principal Consultant: Climate and Environment

BSc (Honours) Botany
BSc Botany and Environmental Science

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Skills: data management; scientific methodology; people management and logistical coordination
Keith’s experience is in the environmental and conservation sector. Initially he worked on a project that investigated the impact of rangeland and game farming on animal conservation. His involvement in the ecosystem restoration project was primarily centred around innovation and scientific experimentation. As the project has grown, his responsibilities increased to focus on managing teams of workers and supervisors to execute the company’s vision.

Consultants

Nicole Martin

Consultant: Climate and Environment

PhD Zoology, specialising in climate change and invasion biology
BSc (Honours) Biodiversity and Ecology, specialising in invasion biology
BSc Biodiversity and Ecology

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Countries: Somalia, Rwanda, Djibouti, Tanzania, Lebanon
Skills: research and analytic skills; project development and management; climate change adaptation and nature-based solutions; biological invasions and conservation.

Nicole has transitioned from academia to the practical field of climate change adaptation. Her extensive background in ecology, invasion biology and conservation biology was gained as an assistant lecturer and researcher. She is part of the team leading and developing Funding Proposals, Feasibility Studies and Monitoring Evaluation Plans.

Tinovonga Chimuka

Consultant: Climate and Gender

LLM Environmental Law
BSocSci (Honours) Environmental and Geographical Studies
BA Environmental and Geographical Science and Gender Studies

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Countries: Nepal, The Gambia, Vanuatu, Somalia, Cameroon, Antigua and Barbuda, South Sudan, Syria, Djibouti, Malawi, Tuvalu, Timor-Leste, Oman, The Maldives
Skills: gender mainstreaming; strategic planning; project management; climate action planning; sustainable development; budget management; stakeholder engagement.

Tinovonga has three years of experience designing and managing several climate change adaptation projects in multiple countries, having joined C4 in 2021. During her honours thesis, she drew on a gender lens to assess the livelihoods of Zimbabwean female migrants living in Cape Town, South Africa. Tino is particularly interested in the relationship between climate change impacts and genders — specifically how a gendered response can improve the implementation of climate change adaptation projects.

Katherine Brodie

Consultant: Climate and Environment

BSocSci (Honours) Environmental and Geographical Science
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Countries: Tuvalu, Nepal, Eswatini, Namibia, South Africa
Skills: research and analysis of diverse contexts; report writing and documentation; legal and regulatory framework development; geographical and demographic analysis.

Katherine has contributed to multiple climate adaptation projects including a GEF-approved project on ecosystem-based adaptation to enhance livelihoods in Tuvalu. She has also been part of the team assessing the potential for generating carbon credits through various ecosystem restoration activities in South Africa and selecting the most appropriate Verra methodology.

Shweta Sunkur

Consultant: Climate and Environment

BSc (Honours) Atmospheric Science
BSc Applied Statistics and Environmental and Geographical Science

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Countries: Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Cambodia, Djibouti, Eswatini, Guyana, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mongolia, Nepal, Saint Lucia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Togo, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Skills: climate finance; data visualisation; sustainable finance; project coordination; project development.

Shweta has experience in developing climate change adaptation projects for GCF and GEF. Her focus has been on enhancing climate resilience through projects in low-carbon agriculture, integrated water resource management, and ecosystem-based adaptation. She has contributed to the development of Concept Notes, Funding Proposals and Feasibility Studies.

Emily McConville

Consultant: Climate and Environment

MPhil Disaster Risk Science and Development
BA (Honours) Geography and Environmental Studies

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Countries: Somalia, Djibouti, Mauritania, Philippines
Skills: disaster risk reduction; management; hazard risk assessments; nature-based solutions; systems thinking and social-ecological systems; research-based analysis; critical thinking and analytical skills.

Emily has been involved in the development of innovative climate change adaptation and mitigation projects. She has also been involved in the development of a Climate Information Services (CIS) study for GIZ. She has recently expanded her role to reviewing and editing documents to enhance quality of deliverables.

Jordan Siebert

Consultant: Climate and Environment

MSc Environmental Ecology
BSc Environmental Science

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Countries: SADC region, Eswatini, Namibia, Mongollia
Skills: GIS and remote sensing; report writing; data management.

Jordan has been actively involved in four distinct climate adaptation projects contributing to baseline research and engaging in more specialised technical tasks. Her experience extends to working on ecosystem restoration initiatives, with a focus on nature-based solutions and disaster risk preparedness.

Gerhard Olivier

Consultant: Climate and Carbon

MSc Geography (ongoing)
BSc (Honours) Geography
BA Environmental Management

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Countries: Mauritania, Zimbabwe
Skills: carbon project knowledge; environmental science; precision agriculture; remote sensing; Google Earth Engine; R; geospatial assessment (GIS); species distribution modelling
Gerhard has led a carbon feasibility study in Zimbabwe focused on improved agricultural land management and forest conservation. Prior to this, he worked on projects in South Africa where he developed tools to analyse crop health using satellite images and created an online portal for farmers to monitor their crops remotely.

Matthew Collins

Consultant: Climate and Carbon

MSc Physical and Chemical Oceanography
BSc (Honours) Ocean and Atmosphere Science
BSc Ocean and Atmosphere Science and Geology

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Countries: Zimbabwe, Peru, Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, Kenya, China, Philippines, South Africa, Madagascar, Togo, Rwanda, India, Ghana, Mexico, Tanzania
Skills: research; scientific writing; QGIS; extensive carbon standard methodology knowledge; remote sensing software; carbon modelling software

Matthew has practical field experience collecting data and using scientific equipment, which has given him good context for much of the data we use day-to-day. Out of the field, he has experience with collecting and using remote sensing data, conducting research for desktop reviews and writing reports. Other points, such as carbon standard knowledge, help to add more details and context for practical solutions and targeted methodologies.

Daniël Düring

Consultant: Climate and Carbon

LLM Environmental Law and Governance
LLB; BComm Economics and Law
BSc Geology and Geography

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Countries: Botswana, Brazil, Colombia, Eritrea, Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mexico, Peru, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Skills: environmental law; legal registers; opinions and compliance auditing; environmental management systems development and auditing; GIS analyses; remote sensing; integrated assessment modelling; advanced data analysis

Daniël has 10 years of experience in the fields of environmental law, management and science. He has worked as an environmental law specialist, environmental management specialist, researcher in air quality science and meteorologist. He is involved in the development of Feasibility Studies of carbon projects. He leads the review and development of proposals and project documents on climate change adaptation and mitigation. He also assists with the design and execution of environmental analyses through GIS, remote sensing and modelling applications.

Ruben Cruywagen

Consultant: Climate and Carbon

MA Creative Writing
BSc (Honours) Zoology
BSc Zoology

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Ruben joined the C4 team in 2023 as a consultant. He holds a BSc Honours in Zoology and a Master of Arts (MA) in Creative Writing, both from the University of Pretoria. For his Honours project, he analysed the climate change-induced shift in the foraging range of southern elephant seals. His MA in Creative Writing comprised a fiction novel and a mini-dissertation, both focusing on identity crisis in South Africans. Ruben has over four years of experience working as a software developer and data scientist. He is proficient in Python, SQL, JavaScript/TypeScript, R, C#, HTML and CSS. Ruben has a passion for creating software products, automating processes and extracting value out of data, especially in the field of conservation.

Anneke Lincoln Schoeman

Consultant: Climate and Carbon

PhD Environmental Sciences
BSc (Honours) Entomology
BSc Entomology

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Countries: Eritrea, Somalia, Zambia, South Africa, Philippines, Mauritius, Comores, Seychelles, Madagascar, Malawi, Timor-Leste, Togo, Mauritania, Peru, Colombia, Brazil, Uganda, Tanzania
Skills: technical advice to donor-funded adaptation and mitigation projects, specialising in climate change adaptation and gender mainstreaming; project and team leadership

Anneke’s academic background encompasses environmental sciences, English, French, German and African language studies and philosophy. She has been involved in research that investigated the ecology and evolution of various animals on a planet in crisis. She has also gained recognition as a multilingual science communicator. She has lead the review and development of proposals and project documents for projects on climate change adaptation and mitigation for a wide range of clients in multiple countries. She has also done multiple Scoping and Feasibility Studies for carbon sequestration projects.

Nikki Hughes

Consultant: Climate and Carbon

PhD Chemical Engineering (ongoing)
MEng Chemical Engineering
BEng Chemical Engineering, specialising in mineral processing

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Countries: Zimbabwe, Malawi, Madagascar, Zambia, Lesotho, Eswatini, Angola, Ivory Coast, Congo, Tanzania, Kenya, Mozambique, Bangladesh, Burundi, Chad, Gambia, Guatemala, Laos, Papua New Guinea, Senegal, Thailand, Vietnam
Skills: investigative research; problem solving; statistical analysis; writing and reviewing

Nikki has worked in literature and investigative research into methods for beneficiating coal without the need for water. She has designed, commissioned and optimised three laboratory-scale apparatus. She has done multiple fraction of non-renewable biomass (fNRB) and corporate carbon footprint studies at C4.

Chris Tonkin

Consultant: Climate and Carbon

MSc Botany
BSc Conservation Ecology

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Skills: research project development and implementation; statistical analysis (Excel, R, XLSTAT, QGIS analysis), SQL, Google Colab

Chris has contributed to the evaluation and advancement of scoping and feasibility studies for carbon credit projects, with a specific focus on Agriculture, Forestry and Land Use initiatives, encompassing REDD+ and Improved Agriculture Land Management projects. His involvement extends to ecosystem modelling activities within the SADC region.

Mari van Niekerk

Consultant: Climate and Carbon

BSc (Honours) Biodiversity and Ecology
BSc Biodiversity and Ecology

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Countries: Zimbabwe, Kenya, South Africa, Zambia, Vanuatu
Skills: design and implementation of carbon credit-generating projects, research skills and experience in multi-disciplinary environmental sciences

Mari’s academic work involved developing a tissue culture protocol for Crocosmia Aurea with the aim of commercialising the antidiabetic compound Montbretin A (MbA). She has contributed to the research and development of scoping and feasibility studies for carbon credit projects, particularly in the Agriculture, Forestry and other Land Use sector, encompassing REDD+, APR, and Improved Land Management. She possesses comprehensive expertise in Verra methodologies and a nuanced understanding of relevant legislation for carbon credits, carbon ownership, land tenure, and associated intricacies of the process. Prior to joing C4, Mari has also been an Environmental Consultant at Biosylx (Pty) Ltd.

Nicola Vermonti

Consultant: Climate and Carbon

MSc Conservation and Ecology
BSc Conservation and Ecology

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Countries: Zimbabwe, South Africa
Skills: technical understanding of Verra’s REDD+ and sustainable agriculture carbon credit projects; development of Feasibility and Scoping studies; statistical analysis (Excel, R, PRIMER); QGIS analysis and mapping

Nicola’s work focuses on assessing the feasibility of carbon offset projects, particularly within the Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use sector. Her work centres on REDD+ initiatives, Sustainable Agriculture and Agroforestry.

Tara de Jongh

Consultant: Climate and Environment

MSc Environmental Geochemistry
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Tara has conducted research on measuring trace aluminium in seawater expeditions to the Southern Ocean, contributing to the trace metal field. Tara holds an undergraduate degree in geology and is passionate about understanding how the atmosphere, ocean, and land interact and influence the global climate. Tara has experience in using various analytical techniques such as flow injection analysis and fluorescence, while also possessing skills in GIS, data analysis, and data visualisation.

Migcobo (Mira) Peter

Consultant: Climate and Environment

BSc Conservation Ecology, Stellenbosch University

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During her studies, Migcobo completed an honours project focused on identifying pollution mitigation plants likely to assist in pollution abatement in South African river systems. This research has given her valuable insights into practical solutions for environmental challenges in C4, Migcobo contributes to projects aimed at mitigating climate change and promoting sustainable development.

Abdul-Lateef Ismail

Consultant: Climate and Environment

MSc Botany Nelson Mandela University

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Abdul-Lateef joined the C4 team in 2023, working for the AfriCarbon Thicket restoration project. His post-graduate experience involved the vegetation ecology and classification of subtropical thicket, the biome that AfriCarbon is actively restoring. Abdul-Lateef’s role on the project focuses on the monitoring of biodiversity and the investigating intricacies of site-selection.

William Gummow

Consultant: Climate and Environment

MSc Botany
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Countries: South Africa
Skills: Data management and analysis; Carbon accounting; Project management and coordination.
William started his career as an intern for the Rhodes Restoration Research Group. He has mainly worked with Portulacaria afra research and its potential in restoration ecology. He has continued his career working in the AfriCarbon thicket restoration project. He has also gained experience in the voluntary carbon market and the requirements of Verra methodologies, modules and tools required to implement an AFOLU ARR project.

William Liversage

Consultant: Climate and Environment

MSc Water Resource Science

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William obtained his MSc in Water Resource Science from Rhodes University, where he analysed the vegetation use of livestock in the Transkei region of the Eastern Cape. After completing his studies, William went on to work as a research assistant at Rhodes, collaborating with SANBI to assess the population distribution of Aloe ferox in the Eastern and Western Cape provinces. He is now employed as a project coordinator for C4’s Spekboom Restoration Project, where his main responsibilities involve assisting with the management and roll-out of project implementation.

MTHOKOZISI MOYO

Consultant: Climate and Carbon

PhD Ecology
MSc Ecology
BSc (Honours) Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences
BSc Chemistry, Applied Chemistry and Ecology
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Mthokozisi joined the team in 2024, bringing his experience working on various aspects of climate change. His PhD focused on how rainfall seasonality drives ecosystem processes in Africa and his MSc revolved around how phenology changes in response to changes in the climate in the Enkangala grasslands in South Africa. Mthokozisi has experience as a research assistant on many projects, using GIS and working with long-term data and large datasets. He also has extensive experience in science engagement, working with high school learners, teachers and local communities.

Claire Mundell

Consultant: Climate and Environment

Bsc Plant and Soil Science
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Claire holds a BSc degree in Plant and Soil Science from the University of Stellenbosch, majoring in Horticulture and Entomology. With a background in auditing and agriculture, Claire brings attention to detail and a fresh innovative approach to the Spekboom planting operation. Her final year project was on measuring absorbance as an indicator of maturity in dark skinned avocado cultivars which was published in the Journal for Subtropical Crops.

SHAIDAN GONLAG

Consultant: Climate and Carbon

MSc Conservation Biology
BSc (Honours) Biodiversity and Ecology
BSc Environmental Science
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Since finishing his master’s at the University of Cape Town, Shaidan has worked as a data analyst at a carbon development company, focusing on soil organic carbon modelling. Having joined our team in 2024, he strives to understand the complexities of ecosystems to help create unique, effective strategies that drive real and tangible change. He is particularly passionate and interested in agroecology and restoration ecology and has expertise in remote sensing, GIS and landscape ecology.

Scientists and Researchers

Ruan van Mazijk

Research, Publishing and Training Officer

MSc Biological Sciences
BSc (Honours) Biological Sciences
BSc Ecology and Evolution and Applied Biology

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Countries: South Africa, Zambia
Skills: writing; editing; science communication; data visualisation; R; statistical analysis; botany
Ruan joined C4 EcoSolutions in early 2023 as a research and publishing intern, carrying out primary scientific research at the company, with a background in plant ecology and evolutionary biology. Ruan has published work on various aspects of the Cape flora’s biodiversity, including phylogenetics, biogeography and macroecological patterns in relation to soil characteristics. Passionate and skilled in data wrangling, visualisation and statistical analysis, Ruan contributes to ongoing research projects on savanna, grassland, and spekboom thicket soil ecology, working with the AfriCarbon team. He also develops in-house training material on a variety of topics at C4, leveraging his teaching experience as a postgraduate at UCT, and provides editorial support across projects.

Chelsee De Morny

Research and Publishing Intern

BSc Astrophysics
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Chelsee joined C4 EcoSolutions in late 2023 as a research and publishing intern. Her BSc in Astrophysics provides her with a unique background to work in this field in a support role. She has experience in programming (where she was responsible for developing mapping algorithms) and data analysis. Additionally, her time as a mathematics tutor and curriculum assistant has made her skilled in teaching and curriculum development. She is passionate about climate science, particularly renewable energy, and aims to use her theoretical knowledge in mathematics and physics to aid with innovative research in that regard. Chelsee currently develops in-house training material and does editorial work for projects and popular science content.

Tauriq Jamalie

Junior Geospatial Data Scientist

MSc Biodiversity and Conservation Biology
BSc (Honours) Biodiversity and Conservation Biology
BSc Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

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Countries: Angola, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Eswatini, Guatemala, India, Kenya, Laos, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, South Africa, Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Skills: remote sensing; GIS, geospatial analysis, biodiversity information management, biostatistics, data analysis

Tauriq has gained practical experience as an intern in Animal Production at the Agricultural Research Council. He has contributed to projects in C4 including climate modelling; REDD+ Feasibility Studies, Carbon Scoping Studie and restoration projects.

Jade Harris

Research Operations Coordinator

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Jade is part of the C4 AfriCarbon scientific team, with 3 years of experience as an Environmental Monitor in game reserves. Jade graduated from her Masters degree in Nature Conservation in 2023, her thesis titled “The effects of pulse-driven resource availability on mammalian communities in the Kalahari, South Africa”. Jade’s research has identified changes in the Kalahari landscape during below and above-average rainfall years and how this affected the mammal communities in the area. The research provided insight as to how the unpredictable landscape may be affected with the increased threat of climate change, and how large antelope would be the first to be affected.

Luvuyo Mabongo

Research Operations Coordinator

MSc Crop Science

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Luvuyo joined the C4 EcoSolutions team in 2023 and works as a Project Facilitator. He holds a MSc in Crop Science from the North-West University where he investigated the winery wastewater irrigation effects on soil enzyme activities and soil chemical parameters in three simulated irrigation seasons. Luvuyo has over 4 years of experience in farming, irrigation and soil & crop projects. Prior to joining C4, he worked on winery wastewater irrigation for grapes and orchards, implementing sound agronomic practices in a grain farm. Luvuyo is passionate about the agriculture, conservation and ecology. He is particularly interested in applying agricultural technologies and practices that are climate smart and friendly.

ROBEL BERHANU

Junior Geospatial Data Scientist

MSc Geophysics
BSc (Honours) Geophysics
BSc Computer Science and Computer Applications
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Robel has a background in computer science and geophysics, focusing on advanced data analysis and solutions for environmental applications. His expertise in data processing and visualisation significantly enhances monitoring and decision-making. He has previously worked on innovative projects that automated and visualised data, using technologies such as Python, SQL, JavaScript and Azure Cloud Services. His work includes engineering for large datasets and creating portals for real-time data access to deliver impactful insights.

CORAL MAFOLE

Research Analyst

PhD Ecology (ongoing)
MSc Botany cum laude
BSc (Honours) Biological Sciences
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Coral has a broad interest in understanding the challenges and opportunities related to climate change. Her Master’s research explored the role of melanisation in lichens in response to increased ultraviolet light. Currently, she is a doctoral researcher investigating the impacts of altered rainfall seasonality on grass dominance in Mediterranean-climate ecosystems. Coral has experience in conducting and collecting field vegetation surveys and analysis, using big data for species distribution models with MaxEnt and data-processing in R.

BIANCA SILBERBAUER

Research and Publishing Intern

MSc Animal Science
BSc Animal Science
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Bianca joined our team in 2024 and works as a Research and Publishing Intern. For her Master’s she conducted a novel study on giraffe meat, aiming to aid in their conservation. She has published several papers on her findings and has further experience in the conservation sector, specialising in elephant behaviour and leopard population distributions across Southern Africa. At C4, she develops in-house training material on a variety of topics — from writing to consulting practice — and assists with plant and soil ecology research projects.

BRYN HICKINBOTHAM

Research and Publishing Intern

MSc Geography and Environmental Studies (ongoing)
BA (Honours) Geography and Environmental Studies
BA Geography
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Bryn joined C4 in May 2024 as a Research and Publishing Intern. He is pursuing a Masters in Geography and Environmental Studies at Stellenbosch University, focusing on sedimentary catchment-wetland connectivity and sustainable sediment management in the Overberg region of Western Cape Province, South Africa. With a passion for understanding landscape-shaping processes, particularly fluvial systems, Bryn aims to contribute to sustainable environmental management practices by uncovering the balance between these systems and the human activities impacting them. His ability to effectively communicate complex environmental issues have enabled him to provide valuable insights at C4, where he develops in-house training material on a variety of topics — from writing to consulting practice — and assist with plant and soil ecology research initiatives.

Administration

Debbie Buckley

Office Manager (Finance Accounts)

N3 Certification Commerce
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Debbie joined C4 in 2014. She has performed various functions as C4 has grown and is currently the Administrative Office Manager. She is versatile, reliable and efficient and has extensive experience in supporting managers and executives in a fast-paced environment.

TAMMY MCDONNELL

Human Resource Manager

BSc (Honours) Psychology
BSc Psychology and Social Development
Dip Applied Psychology and Communication
Cert Human Resource Management
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Tammy is a Human Resource Manager with experience in various industries, including healthcare, hospitality, property development and construction. Tammy is passionate about fostering diversity and inclusion in the workplace by building strong teams and developing professional growth. Her excellent communication skills and approachable demeanour make her a trusted resource for employees seeking support and guidance. She has a strong background in talent acquisition, employee relations, promoting a positive work culture and driving organisational success.

Chantel Loubser

Project Administration Manager

Diploma Project Management, Business Administration & Leadership
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Chantel joined our team in 2022. She has more than 20 years of experience managing the operations and project divisions at different companies. This included engaging professional stakeholders on large projects such as a 400-unit residential development and most recently a 10ha light industrial development.

Shawn Els

Financial Controller

National Diploma Financial Management

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Shawn joined C4 In 2024 as the financial controller. He has over 20 years’ experience in finance systems and operations, in variance settings, including hospitality, retail, advertising and export. His role is to merge the project and finance teams and streamline process to ensure efficient collaboration and cost-effective project execution.

GISELLE GINSBURG

Executive Assistant

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Giselle brings over 18 years of administrative expertise to her role at C4. She has served as a trusted Executive Assistant to high-level executives, demonstrating her exceptional organisational skills and attention to detail. Giselle has experience coordinating national events, managing travel arrangements and maintaining financial records with precision. Her adept multitasking abilities ensure seamless operations in dynamic environments. With a diploma in Secretarial Computing and a wealth of experience in office management, Giselle is a valuable asset to the team, embodying qualities of self-motivation, problem-solving and strong communication.

Mikhial Metune

IT Manager

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Mikhial specializes in hardware, networking, and SQL-based database installation and management. With a strong technical background and interpersonal skills, he enjoys the interface between technology and collaboration with clients and team members. Mikhial has served as a Senior QSR Helpdesk Team Leader at GAAP Point Of Sale and currently manages the IT coordination of C4EcoSolutions. He provides in-house technical support across a complex network of environmental projects.

Jethro Strauss

Operations Data Analyst

Business and Data Management Experience
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Jethro is involved in analysing and interpreting data to support the operational efficiency and effectiveness of the organisation. This role involves collecting data, creating reports, and providing insights that help drive business decisions and optimise processes. Jethro is also involved in managing payroll data of staff for on-the-ground operations. Jethro has approximately 12 years of experience in business with five years in management positions.

Associates

Nicholas Tye

Senior Associate

MSc Ecology, Environment and Conservation
BSc (Honours) Ecology, Environment and Conservation
BSc Zoology and Ecology, Environment and Conservation

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Nick joined the C4 EcoSolutions team in 2012 as a Climate Change and Environmental Consultant. Through his work with C4, Nick has developed wide-ranging experience in designing, monitoring and implementing climate change adaptation projects, with a focus on ecosystem-based adaptation, in developing countries. His work at C4 EcoSolutions has included: leading the development of more than 10 adaptation project concept notes (including GEF PIFs) for GEF, Adaptation Fund and GCF; leading and coordinating the development of more than 10 full adaptation project proposals for GEF, Adaptation Fund and GCF; undertaking baseline assessments and mid-term reviews of adaptation and environmental projects; and developing the National Adaptation Programme of Actions (NAPA) for South Sudan. Nick is the Chief Technical Advisor for an Adaptation Fund project in Cambodia, a GEF-SCCF project in Albania and a GEF-LDCF project in Angola. Before joining C4, Nick worked as a Biodiversity Specialist – focusing on birds – for the North West Provincial Government in South Africa. This work linked to his MSc research which focused on biodiversity in riverine ecosystems in the Kruger National Park.

Interns

MATTHEW ARENS

Intern

MSc Ecophysiology (ongoing)
BSc (Honours) Biological Sciences
BCom Politics, Philosophy and Economics
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Matthew joined the C4 team in 2024 and has since contributed to developing GCF Funding and NAP Readiness Proposals. His academic background encompasses international politics, business law, economics, global change ecology and conservation biology. He is currently pursuing an MSc in plant ecophysiology at the University of Cape Town, focusing on the plasticity of functional and hydraulic traits in key species across a climate gradient in the Cape Floristic Region. Matthew is particularly interested in the potential for communities and their surrounding ecosystems to benefit each other.

Anke Botha

Intern

MSc Zoology
BSc (Honours) Biodiversity and Ecology
BSc Biodiversity and Ecology
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Anke joined the company in 2024 and is currently working on projects across multiple areas of Zambia. Her MSc studies focused on predicting the effects of climate change on the mussel aquaculture industry in Saldanha Bay, South Africa. She has experience in multi-disciplinary environmental sciences, research and writing.

Kirsten Davis

Intern

MSc Zoology
BSc (Honours) Zoology
BSc Environmental Sciences
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Kristen joined the C4 team in 2024 as an intern. She holds an MSc Zoology degree from Nelson Mandela University. For her MSc, titled ‘The Camdeboo-Mountain Zebra mega-reserve as an opportunity to protect viable populations of medium- to large-sized mammals’, she modelled medium- and large-sized mammal populations across the envisaged Camdeboo-Mountain Zebra (C-MZ) mega-reserve in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Her research showed that the C-MZ mega-reserve — if established — would effectively conserve viable populations of the endemic Cape mountain zebra, blesbok and black wildebeest as well as many smaller co-existing species. She also found that even an area as large as the envisaged mega-reserve (784,000 ha) is not large enough to support viable populations of large herbivores (such as African elephants) and large carnivores (such as lions). This implies that we need even larger protected areas to effectively conserve species above their minimum viable population threshold.

ZAIN FORBES

Intern

MSc Geoinformatics (ongoing)
BSc (Honours) Geoinformatics
BSc Geoinformatics and Socio-Informatics
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Zain joined the company in 2024 and specialises in remote sensing and geospatial analysis. He completed his BSc (Honours) at Stellenbosch University in 2023, investigating the applicability of machine learning for the detection of informal buildings in South Africa. He is pursuing an MSc in Geoinformatics to identify a framework for nationwide informal road detection in South Africa using remote sensing and machine learning. Zain has contributed to climate and adaptation solutions for the UNDP in his short time at the company, focusing on habitat conservation.

EMILY SCHNEIDER

Intern

MSc Conservation and Biodiversity
BSc (Honours) Psychology
BSc Psychology
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Emily joined the company in 2024 and has provided support on a range of international projects, in countries including Tanzania, Eswatini, Somalia, Mauritania and Jordan. Emily has an interdisciplinary background in Psychology, Biodiversity Conservation and French, with a specialisation in Evolutionary Psychology and Animal Behaviour and Cognition. Through her studies, Emily has gained extensive experience in conducting independent research and writing discursive essays, as well as scientific reports. Emily brings to the team ecological knowledge of the principles underlying ecosystem-based adaptation and restoration, as well as an understanding of how to bring about change in human behaviour.

AYESHA FRANCIS

Intern

BSc (Honours) Environmental Geographical Science
BSocSci Environmental Geographical Science, Journalism and Psychology
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Ayesha joined C4 in 2024 and has a background in environmental science, data analysis and business intelligence development. Her technical expertise includes advanced Microsoft Excel, PowerBI, data visualisation, SQL and data management. Ayesha has contributed to GIS mapping and feasibility studies in Zambia and SADC. She has created detailed stakeholder matrices and consultation questions for the AlUla project. Prior to working for C4, she led multiple projects and coordinated with stakeholders to achieve client deliverables for a data analytics company in Cape Town. Her focus was on the fleet and solid waste department. Her responsibilities included creating business intelligence reports to manage vehicles within the fleet department and to aid with monitoring CO2 emissions related to vehicles.

SHRÉYAN MAHARAJ

Intern

BSc (Honours) Animal, Plant and Environmental Science
BSc Biological Sciences
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Shréyan joined the team in 2024 following the completion of her BSc (Honours) in invasion biology at the University of the Witwatersrand, having gained valuable writing, data analysis, research and GIS skills. Her interest in ecology, water management and invasive species’ ability to constrain the availability of natural resources has positioned her to contribute to several climate change adaptation projects at C4, including a Feasibility Study in the SADC region and a programme framework for land restoration across nine countries in the Sahel. Her affection towards science, research and teaching has led to her involvement in assisting the research and training operations at the company, with ongoing projects on savanna, grassland, and spekboom thicket soil ecology. She is currently pursuing an MSc focused on remote sensing and plant ecophysiology of invasive and expansive reed populations in South Africa.

MUCHELENE PEPLOUW

Intern

MSc GIS and Remote Sensing
BA (Honours) Geography
BA Geography, Psychology and Linguistics
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Muchelene joined the C4 team in 2024 and contributes to the research and development of Scoping Studies and Feasibility Studies for carbon credit projects. She completed her MSc at the University of the Witwatersrand, during which she analysed the spatiotemporal characteristics of surface water in a saline environment using machine learning and Google Earth Engine. Muchelene also has previous work experience mapping in the research health sector.

TRISTAN PITCHER

Intern

MSc Entomology (ongoing)
BSc (Honours) Entomology, with distinction
BSc Entomology and Microbiology
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Tristan became part of our team in 2024 as a technical writer on climate adaptation projects. He earned his BSc (Honours) degree with distinction, where he took a climate change module while specialising in entomology. Tristan is pursuing an MSc in entomology, a field increasingly connected to climate change. His academic career has developed his skills in scientific writing, field sampling, public speaking, community engagement and data analysis. He also developed a keen interest in graphic design through his studies.

WENDY RASIKHANYA

Intern

MSc Environmental Health in Entomology and Vector Control (ongoing)
BSc (Honours) Animal, Plant and Environmental Science
BSc Animal, Plant and Environmental Science
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Wendy joined the team in 2024 and contributes to developing Feasibility Studies for carbon credit projects. Using Afforestation, Reforestation and Restoration, and Improved Agricultural Land Management methodologies, she has worked on projects aimed at mitigating climate change impacts. She is currently pursuing a Master’s in Environmental Health (Entomology and Vector Control) at the University of the Witwatersrand. Her research focuses on the effect of rural and urban pollutant exposure on the major malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis.

KEZIA REDDY

Intern

BSc (Honours) Sustainability and Environmental Sciences
BSc Biological and Environmental Sciences
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Kezia joined the C4ES team in 2024 and has since assisted in developing climate change adaptation projects for international clients (UNEP and UNDP) and funds (GCF and GEF). Her work has included the development of simple future narratives, climate rationales, and conceptual diagrams such as problem trees, solutions matrices and Theory of Change diagrams. Her studies encompassed global change, climate projections, sustainable development, ethnoecology, biodiversity conservation, sustainable forest management and biocontrol. She draws on this knowledge and associated skills in the workplace, incorporating her understanding of rural livelihoods and sustainability into project development. Kezia is a stickler for detail and loves grappling with the complexity and uncertainty of socio-ecological systems.

JILLIAN WELKOM

Intern

BSc (Honours) Geography and Environmental Science
BSc Geography
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Jillian holds a BSc (Honours) in Geography and Environmental Science from the University of Pretoria. For her Honours project, she investigated the use of an air quality index in the Highveld Priority Area in South Africa. She joined the C4 team in 2024 and has contributed to the research and development of literature reviews, analysing several carbon registries, standards and project methodologies. She has also assisted with feasibility studies, specifically contributing to agroforestry modelling and denitrification and decomposition data processing.

maintenance

Phinious Chirwa

Groundskeeper and Property Maintenance

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Phinious has been instrumental in property maintenance and groundskeeping, managing the external aesthetics of the C4EcoSolutions buildings and gardens for three years. He is from Malawi and has five years’ catering experience in the hotel industry.

Selina Bvekwa

Groundskeeper and Property Maintenance

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Selena has managed C4EcoSolutions’ internal property maintenance for 1 year. She has six years of experience in this field, supporting guest houses in her home country, Zimbabwe.

Iton Chilasa Banda

Groundskeeper and Property Maintenance

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Iton, originally from Malawi, has work for 11 years in property maintenance and groundskeeping. Prior to his current three-year tenure at C4EcoSolutions he worked in this sector in Muizenberg, Cape Town, for eight years.