The C4 EcoSolutions’ team publishes extensively in the scientific, peer-reviewed literature across a wide range of disciplines. These include botany, carbon sequestration, climate change adaptation, conservation biology, ecology, restoration ecology, soil science, and zoology.

YearPrimary AuthorCo AuthorsTitleSourceDOI
2020Mills AJDe Wet RQuantifying a sponge: The additional water in restored thicket.South African Journal of
2020Mills AJAllen JA & Le Roux ZM.Small ratios of anabolic to catabolic soil nutrients constrain non-indigenous trees in the Western Cape, South Africa.South African Journal of
2020Mills AJStrydom TBasal stem area is a better measure of woodiness than canopy cover in the savannas of the Kruger National Park.South African Journal of
2020Mills AJTan D, Manji AK, Vijitpan T, Henriette E, Murugaiyan P, Pantha RH, Lafdal MY, Soule A, Cazzetta S, Begat P, Vlieghe KEP, Lavirotte L, Kok, JT & Lister J.Ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change: Lessons learned from a pioneering project spanning Mauritania, Nepal, the Seychelles, and China.Plants, People,
2018Mills AJSirami CNutrient enrichment of ecosystems by fungus-growing versus non-fungus-growing termites.Journal of Tropical
2018Thomas RJReed M, Clifton K, Appadurai AN, Mills AJ. et al.A framework for scaling sustainable land management options.Land Degradation and
2018Mills AJAllen, JLSearching for David within the Goliath of alien woody plant invasions in the Western Cape Province.South African Journal of
2005Mills AJO?Connor TG, Donaldson JS, Fey MV, Skowno AL, Sigwela AM, Lechmere-Oertel RG & Bosenberg JD. Ecosystem carbon storage under different land uses in three semi-arid shrublands and a mesic grassland in South Africa.South African Journal of Plant and
2005Mills AJFey MV.Interactive response of herbivores, soils and vegetation to annual burning in a South African savanna.Austral
2005Mills AJCowling RM, Fey MV, Kerley, GIH Donaldson JS, Lechmere-Oertal RG, Sigwale AM, Skowno AL & Rundel P.Effects of goat pastoralism on ecosystem carbon storage in semiarid thicket, Eastern Cape, South Africa.Austral
2004Mills AJFey MV.Transformation of thicket to savanna reduces soil quality in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.Plant and
2004Mills AJFey MV.Frequent fires intensify soil crusting: physicochemical feedback in the pedoderm of long-term burn experiments in South
2004Mills AJFey MV.A simple laboratory infiltration method for measuring the tendency of soils to crust.Soil Use and
2004Mills AJFey MV.Effects of vegetation cover on the tendency of soil to crust in South Africa.Soil Use and
2004Mills AJFey MV.Soil carbon and nitrogen in five contrasting biomes of South Africa.South African Journal of Plant and
2004O?Connor TGUys RG & Mills AJ.Ecological effects of firebreaks in the montane grasslands of the southern Drakensberg, South Africa.African Journal of Range and Forage
2003Mills AJFey MV.Declining soil quality in South Africa: effects of land use on soil organic matter and surface crusting.South African Journal of Science
2007Milton SJDean WRJ, O?Connor TG & Mills AJ. Scaling up from site-based research to a national research and monitoring network: lessons from Tierberg Karoo Research Centre and other design considerations.South African Journal of Science
2007Mills AJTurpie J, Cowling RM, Marais C, Kerley GIH, Lechmere-Oertel RG, Sigwela AM & Powell M. Assessing costs, benefits and feasibility of subtropical thicket restoration in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.Restoring Natural Capital
2006Fey MVMills AJ & Yaalon DH.The alternative meaning of pedoderm and its use for soil surface
2006Mills AJMorkel P, Amiyo A, Runyoro V, Borner M & Thirgood S. Managing small populations in practice: black rhino in the Ngorongoro Crater,
2006Mills AJFey MV, Grongroft A, Petersen A & Medinski TV.Unravelling the effects of soil properties on water infiltration: segmented quantile regression on a large data set from arid southwest Africa.Australian Journal of Soil
2006Mills AJThe role of salinity and sodicity in the dieback of Acacia xanthophloea in Ngorongoro Caldera, Tanzania.African Journal of
2006Mills AJCowling RM.Rate of carbon sequestration at two thicket restoration sites in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.Restoration
2006Mills AJRogers KH, Stalmans M & Witkowski ETF.A framework for the scaled exploration of the determinants of savanna and grassland distribution: a challenge for the new generation of[579:AFFETD]2.0.CO;2
2005Mills AJFey MV & Johnson CE.Ionic strength as a measure of sulphate salinity stress: effects of sodium sulphate, sodium chloride and manganese sulphate on kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) growth and ion uptake.South African Journal of Plant and
2007Fey MVFrancis ML, Prinsloo HP, Ellis F, Mills AJ, de Clercq WP, Sinjan E & Medinski TV. Soils of Namaqualand: compensations for aridity.Journal of Arid
2007Mills AJMilewski AV.Geophagy and micronutrient supplementation in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania, with particular reference to selenium, cobalt, and molybdenum.Journal of
2007Turpie JKO'Connor TG, Mills AJ & Robertson H.The ecological and economic consequences of changing land use in the southern Drakensberg grasslands.South African Journal of Economic and Management
2008Brown RMills AJ & Jack C.Non-rainfall moisture inputs in the Knersvlakte: methodology and preliminary findings.Water SA
2009Sako AMills AJ & Roychoudhury AN.Rare earth and trace element geochemistry of termite mounds in central and northeastern Namibia: Mechanisms for micro-nutrient
2009Sigwela ACowling R, Kerley G & Mills AJ.The impact of browsing-induced degradation on the reproduction of subtropical thicket canopy shrubs and trees.South African Journal of
2009Medinksi TVMills AJ & Fey MV.Relationships between soil particle size fractions and infiltrability.South African Journal of Plant and
2009Medinksi TVMills AJ & Fey MV.Infiltrability in soils from south-western Africa: effects of texture, electrical conductivity and exchangeable sodium percentage.South African Journal of Plant and
2009Mills AJMilewski A, Fey MV, Groengroeft A & Peterson A. Fungus culturing, nutrient mining and geophagy: a geochemical investigation of Macrotermes and Trinervitermes mounds in southern Africa.Journal of
2008Lechmere-Oertel RGKerley GIH, Mills AJ & Cowling RM.Litter dynamics across browsing-induced fenceline contrasts in succulent thicket, South Africa.South African Journal of
2009Mills AJFey MV, Donaldson J, Todd S & Theron L. Soil infiltrability as a driver of plant cover and species richness in the semi-arid Karoo, South Africa.Plant and
2009Fox SCMills AJ & Poch RM.Micromorphology of surface crusts in the Knersvlakte, South Africa.Journal of Mountain
2011Cowling RMMills AJ.A preliminary assessment of rain throughfall beneath Portulacaria afra canopy in subtropical thicket and its implications for soil carbon stocks.South African Journal of
2011Mills AJCowling RM, Steyn D, Spekreijse J & Van den Broeck D, Weel S & Boogerd C. Portulacaria afra is constrained under extreme soil conditions in the Fish River Reserve, Eastern Cape, South Africa.South African Journal of
2011Mills AJFey MV, Kgope B, Donaldson J & Bosenberg JD.Detecting the onset of rangeland degradation using soil respiration and boundary lines: preliminary findings from the Nama Karoo.Africa Journal of Range and Forage
2010Stephenson JMills, AJ, Eksteen J, Milewski AV & Myburgh J.Geochemistry of mineral licks at Loskop Dam Nature Reserve, Mpumalanga, South Africa.Environmental Geochemistry and
2010Mills AJCowling RM.Below-ground carbon stocks in intact and transformed subtropical thicket landscapes in semi-arid South Africa.Journal of Arid
2010Fey MVMilewski AV & Mills AJ.Animals in soil environments.Soils of South
2010Milewski AVMills AJ.Does life consistently maximise energy intensity?Biological
2012Kaseke KFMills AJ, Henschel J, Seely MK, Esler K & Brown R. The effects of desert pavements (gravel mulch) on soil micro-hydrology.Pure and Applied
2012Kaseke KFMills AJ, Esler K, Henschel J, Seely MK & Brown R.Spatial variation of ?non-rainfall? water input and the effect of mechanical soil crusts on input and evaporation.Pure and Applied
2012Mills AJMilewski AV, Sirami C, Rogers KH, Witkowski ETF, Stalmans M & Fey MV. Aerosol capture by small trees in savannas marginal to treeless grassland in South
2012Mills AJBirch SC, Stephenson JD & Bailey RV. Carbon stocks in fynbos, pastures and vineyards on the Agulhas Plain, South Africa: a preliminary assessment.South African Journal of Plant and
2012Kumamoto MMills AJ.What African countries perceive to be adaptation priorities: results from 20 countries in the Africa Adaptation Programme.Climate and
2012Van der Vyfer MLCowling RM, Mills AJ & Difford M. Spontaneous return of biodiversity in restored subtropical thicket: Portulacaria afra as an ecosystem engineer.Restoration
2011Zedda LGr”ngr”ft A, Schultz M, Petersen A, Mills AJ & Rambold G.Distribution patterns of soil lichens across the principal biomes of southern Africa.Journal of Arid
2014Mills AJCowling RM.How fast can carbon credits be generated through restoration of degraded subtropical thicket?Restoration
2013Mills AJMilewski AV, Rogers KH, Witkowski ETF & Stalmans M. Boundary of treeless grassland in relation to nutrient content of soils on the Highveld of South
2013Seymour CLMills AJ, Milewski AV, Joseph GS, Cumming DHM, Mahlangu Z. Do the large termite mounds of Macrotermes concentrate micronutrients in addition to macronutrients in nutrient-poor African savannas?Soil Biology and
2013Mills AJBirch SC, Stanway R, Huyser O, Chisholm RA, Sirami C & Spear D.Sequestering carbon and restoring renosterveld though fallowing: a practical conservation approach for the Overberg, Cape Floristic Region, South Africa.Conservation
2013Mills AJMilewski AV, Fey MV, Gr”ngr”ft A, Petersen M & Sirami C. Constraint on woody cover in relation to nutrient content of soils in western southern
2012Kaseke KFMills AJ, Brown R, Esler K, Henschel J & Seely MK. A method for direct assessment of the “non rainfall” atmospheric water cycle: input and evaporation from the soil.Pure and Applied
2015Milewski AVMills AJ.Why was the Highveld treeless? Looking laterally to the Pampas for global edaphic principles beyond biogeographical incidents.South African Journal of
2015Mills AJVyver M, Gordon I, Patwardhan A, Marais C, Blignaut J, Sigwela A & Kgope B.Prescribing innovation within a large-scale restoration programme in degraded subtropical thicket in South
2014Mills AJSpear D, Ndhlovu T, Knight MH, Pienke DM, Hofmeyr S & Cowling RM. Biomass of large herbivores in South African subtropical thicket.African Journal of
2018Mills AJHunter R.Restoration of wetlands on the Agulhas Plain is unlikely to generate peat.South African Journal of
2017Mander MJewitt G, Dini J, Glenday J, Blignaut J, Hughes C, Marais C, Maze K, van der Waal B & Mills AJ.Modelling potential hydrological returns from investing in ecological infrastructure: case studies from the Baviaanskloof-Tsitsikamma and uMngeni catchments, South Africa.Ecosystem
2017Mills AJMilewski AV, Snyman D & Jordaan JJ.Effects of anabolic and catabolic nutrients on woody plant encroachment after long-term experimental fertilization in a South African savanna.PLoS
2017Mills AJRobson, A.Survivorship of spekboom (Portulacaria afra) planted within the Subtropical Thicket Restoration Programme.South African Journal of
2016Mills AJMilewski AV, & Sirami C. A preliminary test of catabolic nutrients in explanation of the puzzling treelessness of grassland in mesic Australia.Austral
2018Mills AJMilton SJ, Taplin BD & Allen JL.Viability of watering Portulacaria afra truncheons to facilitate restoration of subtropical thicket: Results from a nursery experiment and cost model.South African Journal of