PUBLICATIONS

The C4 EcoSolutions’ team publishes extensively in the scientific, peer-reviewed literature across a wide range of disciplines. These include botany, carbon sequestration, climate change adaptation, conservation biology, ecology, restoration ecology, soil science, and zoology.

YearPrimary AuthorCo AuthorsTitleSourceDOI
2020Mills AJDe Wet RQuantifying a sponge: The additional water in restored thicket.South African Journal of Sciencedx.doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2019/a0309
2020Mills AJAllen JA & Le Roux ZM.Small ratios of anabolic to catabolic soil nutrients constrain non-indigenous trees in the Western Cape, South Africa.South African Journal of Botanydoi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2020.03.035
2020Mills AJStrydom TBasal stem area is a better measure of woodiness than canopy cover in the savannas of the Kruger National Park.South African Journal of Sciencedx.doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2020/7409
2020Mills AJTan D, Manji AK, Vijitpan T, Henriette E, Murugaiyan P, Pantha RH, Lafdal MY, Soule A, Cazzetta S, Begat P, Vlieghe KEP, Lavirotte L, Kok, JT & Lister J.Ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change: Lessons learned from a pioneering project spanning Mauritania, Nepal, the Seychelles, and China.Plants, People, Planetdoi.org/10.1002/ppp3.10126
2018Mills AJSirami CNutrient enrichment of ecosystems by fungus-growing versus non-fungus-growing termites.Journal of Tropical Ecologydx.doi.org/10.1017/S0266467418000330
2018Thomas RJReed M, Clifton K, Appadurai AN, Mills AJ. et al.A framework for scaling sustainable land management options.Land Degradation and Developmentdoi.org/10.1002/ldr.3080
2018Mills AJAllen, JLSearching for David within the Goliath of alien woody plant invasions in the Western Cape Province.South African Journal of Sciencedoi.org/10.17159/sajs.2018/a0285
2005Mills AJO?Connor TG, Donaldson JS, Fey MV, Skowno AL, Sigwela AM, Lechmere-Oertel RG & Bosenberg JD. Ecosystem carbon storage under different land uses in three semi-arid shrublands and a mesic grassland in South Africa.South African Journal of Plant and Soildoi.org/10.1080/02571862.2005.10634705
2005Mills AJFey MV.Interactive response of herbivores, soils and vegetation to annual burning in a South African savanna.Austral Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.2005.01487.x
2005Mills AJCowling RM, Fey MV, Kerley, GIH Donaldson JS, Lechmere-Oertal RG, Sigwale AM, Skowno AL & Rundel P.Effects of goat pastoralism on ecosystem carbon storage in semiarid thicket, Eastern Cape, South Africa.Austral Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.2005.01523.x
2004Mills AJFey MV.Transformation of thicket to savanna reduces soil quality in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.Plant and Soildoi.org/10.1007/s11104-005-0534-2
2004Mills AJFey MV.Frequent fires intensify soil crusting: physicochemical feedback in the pedoderm of long-term burn experiments in South Africa.Geodermadoi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2003.10.004
2004Mills AJFey MV.A simple laboratory infiltration method for measuring the tendency of soils to crust.Soil Use and Managementdoi.org/10.1079/SUM2003213
2004Mills AJFey MV.Effects of vegetation cover on the tendency of soil to crust in South Africa.Soil Use and Managementdoi.org/10.1079/SUM2004262
2004Mills AJFey MV.Soil carbon and nitrogen in five contrasting biomes of South Africa.South African Journal of Plant and Soildoi.org/10.1080/02571862.2004.10635030
2004O?Connor TGUys RG & Mills AJ.Ecological effects of firebreaks in the montane grasslands of the southern Drakensberg, South Africa.African Journal of Range and Forage Sciencedoi.org/10.2989/10220110409485828
2003Mills AJFey MV.Declining soil quality in South Africa: effects of land use on soil organic matter and surface crusting.South African Journal of Science
2007Milton SJDean WRJ, O?Connor TG & Mills AJ. Scaling up from site-based research to a national research and monitoring network: lessons from Tierberg Karoo Research Centre and other design considerations.South African Journal of Science
2007Mills AJTurpie J, Cowling RM, Marais C, Kerley GIH, Lechmere-Oertel RG, Sigwela AM & Powell M. Assessing costs, benefits and feasibility of subtropical thicket restoration in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.Restoring Natural Capital
2006Fey MVMills AJ & Yaalon DH.The alternative meaning of pedoderm and its use for soil surface characterisation.Geodermadoi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2005.07.018
2006Mills AJMorkel P, Amiyo A, Runyoro V, Borner M & Thirgood S. Managing small populations in practice: black rhino in the Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania.Oryxdoi.org/10.1017/S0030605306000901
2006Mills AJFey MV, Grongroft A, Petersen A & Medinski TV.Unravelling the effects of soil properties on water infiltration: segmented quantile regression on a large data set from arid southwest Africa.Australian Journal of Soil Researchdoi.org/10.1071/SR05180
2006Mills AJThe role of salinity and sodicity in the dieback of Acacia xanthophloea in Ngorongoro Caldera, Tanzania.African Journal of Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2006.00616.x
2006Mills AJCowling RM.Rate of carbon sequestration at two thicket restoration sites in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.Restoration Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/j.1526-100X.2006.00103.x
2006Mills AJRogers KH, Stalmans M & Witkowski ETF.A framework for the scaled exploration of the determinants of savanna and grassland distribution: a challenge for the new generation of ecologists.Biosciencedoi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2006)56[579:AFFETD]2.0.CO;2
2005Mills AJFey MV & Johnson CE.Ionic strength as a measure of sulphate salinity stress: effects of sodium sulphate, sodium chloride and manganese sulphate on kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) growth and ion uptake.South African Journal of Plant and Soildoi.org/10.1080/02571862.2004.10635051
2007Fey MVFrancis ML, Prinsloo HP, Ellis F, Mills AJ, de Clercq WP, Sinjan E & Medinski TV. Soils of Namaqualand: compensations for aridity.Journal of Arid Environmentsdoi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2006.12.028
2007Mills AJMilewski AV.Geophagy and micronutrient supplementation in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania, with particular reference to selenium, cobalt, and molybdenum.Journal of Zoologydoi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2006.00241.x
2007Turpie JKO'Connor TG, Mills AJ & Robertson H.The ecological and economic consequences of changing land use in the southern Drakensberg grasslands.South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciencesdoi.org/10.4102/sajems.v10i4.1057
2008Brown RMills AJ & Jack C.Non-rainfall moisture inputs in the Knersvlakte: methodology and preliminary findings.Water SA
2009Sako AMills AJ & Roychoudhury AN.Rare earth and trace element geochemistry of termite mounds in central and northeastern Namibia: Mechanisms for micro-nutrient accumulation.Geodermadoi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.08.011
2009Sigwela ACowling R, Kerley G & Mills AJ.The impact of browsing-induced degradation on the reproduction of subtropical thicket canopy shrubs and trees.South African Journal of Botanydoi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2008.12.001
2009Medinksi TVMills AJ & Fey MV.Relationships between soil particle size fractions and infiltrability.South African Journal of Plant and Soildoi.org/10.1080/02571862.2009.10639948
2009Medinksi TVMills AJ & Fey MV.Infiltrability in soils from south-western Africa: effects of texture, electrical conductivity and exchangeable sodium percentage.South African Journal of Plant and Soildoi.org/10.1080/02571862.2009.10639949
2009Mills AJMilewski A, Fey MV, Groengroeft A & Peterson A. Fungus culturing, nutrient mining and geophagy: a geochemical investigation of Macrotermes and Trinervitermes mounds in southern Africa.Journal of Zoologydoi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2008.00544.x
2008Lechmere-Oertel RGKerley GIH, Mills AJ & Cowling RM.Litter dynamics across browsing-induced fenceline contrasts in succulent thicket, South Africa.South African Journal of Botanydoi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2008.04.002
2009Mills AJFey MV, Donaldson J, Todd S & Theron L. Soil infiltrability as a driver of plant cover and species richness in the semi-arid Karoo, South Africa.Plant and Soildoi.org/10.1007/s11104-009-9904-5
2009Fox SCMills AJ & Poch RM.Micromorphology of surface crusts in the Knersvlakte, South Africa.Journal of Mountain Sciencedoi.org/10.1007/s11629-009-1036-0
2011Cowling RMMills AJ.A preliminary assessment of rain throughfall beneath Portulacaria afra canopy in subtropical thicket and its implications for soil carbon stocks.South African Journal of Botanydoi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2010.06.004
2011Mills AJCowling RM, Steyn D, Spekreijse J & Van den Broeck D, Weel S & Boogerd C. Portulacaria afra is constrained under extreme soil conditions in the Fish River Reserve, Eastern Cape, South Africa.South African Journal of Botanydoi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2010.12.008
2011Mills AJFey MV, Kgope B, Donaldson J & Bosenberg JD.Detecting the onset of rangeland degradation using soil respiration and boundary lines: preliminary findings from the Nama Karoo.Africa Journal of Range and Forage Sciencedoi.org/10.2989/10220119.2011.608903
2010Stephenson JMills, AJ, Eksteen J, Milewski AV & Myburgh J.Geochemistry of mineral licks at Loskop Dam Nature Reserve, Mpumalanga, South Africa.Environmental Geochemistry and Healthdoi.org/10.1007/s10653-010-9313-y
2010Mills AJCowling RM.Below-ground carbon stocks in intact and transformed subtropical thicket landscapes in semi-arid South Africa.Journal of Arid Environmentsdoi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.07.002
2010Fey MVMilewski AV & Mills AJ.Animals in soil environments.Soils of South Africadoi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511782183.004
2010Milewski AVMills AJ.Does life consistently maximise energy intensity?Biological Reviewsdoi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185X.2010.00131.x
2012Kaseke KFMills AJ, Henschel J, Seely MK, Esler K & Brown R. The effects of desert pavements (gravel mulch) on soil micro-hydrology.Pure and Applied Geophysics.doi.org/10.1007/s00024-011-0367-2
2012Kaseke KFMills AJ, Esler K, Henschel J, Seely MK & Brown R.Spatial variation of ?non-rainfall? water input and the effect of mechanical soil crusts on input and evaporation.Pure and Applied Geophysicsdoi.org/10.1007/s00024-012-0469-5
2012Mills AJMilewski AV, Sirami C, Rogers KH, Witkowski ETF, Stalmans M & Fey MV. Aerosol capture by small trees in savannas marginal to treeless grassland in South Africa.Geodermadoi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2012.05.006
2012Mills AJBirch SC, Stephenson JD & Bailey RV. Carbon stocks in fynbos, pastures and vineyards on the Agulhas Plain, South Africa: a preliminary assessment.South African Journal of Plant and Soildoi.org/10.1080/02571862.2012.730636
2012Kumamoto MMills AJ.What African countries perceive to be adaptation priorities: results from 20 countries in the Africa Adaptation Programme.Climate and Developmentdoi.org/10.1080/17565529.2012.733676
2012Van der Vyfer MLCowling RM, Mills AJ & Difford M. Spontaneous return of biodiversity in restored subtropical thicket: Portulacaria afra as an ecosystem engineer.Restoration Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/rec.12000
2011Zedda LGr”ngr”ft A, Schultz M, Petersen A, Mills AJ & Rambold G.Distribution patterns of soil lichens across the principal biomes of southern Africa.Journal of Arid Environmentsdoi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2010.10.007
2014Mills AJCowling RM.How fast can carbon credits be generated through restoration of degraded subtropical thicket?Restoration Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/rec.12117
2013Mills AJMilewski AV, Rogers KH, Witkowski ETF & Stalmans M. Boundary of treeless grassland in relation to nutrient content of soils on the Highveld of South Africa.Geodermadoi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.02.007
2013Seymour CLMills AJ, Milewski AV, Joseph GS, Cumming DHM, Mahlangu Z. Do the large termite mounds of Macrotermes concentrate micronutrients in addition to macronutrients in nutrient-poor African savannas?Soil Biology and Biochemistrydoi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2013.09.022
2013Mills AJBirch SC, Stanway R, Huyser O, Chisholm RA, Sirami C & Spear D.Sequestering carbon and restoring renosterveld though fallowing: a practical conservation approach for the Overberg, Cape Floristic Region, South Africa.Conservation Lettersdoi.org/10.1111/conl.12003
2013Mills AJMilewski AV, Fey MV, Gr”ngr”ft A, Petersen M & Sirami C. Constraint on woody cover in relation to nutrient content of soils in western southern Africa.Oikosdoi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2012.20417.x
2012Kaseke KFMills AJ, Brown R, Esler K, Henschel J & Seely MK. A method for direct assessment of the “non rainfall” atmospheric water cycle: input and evaporation from the soil.Pure and Applied Geophysicsdoi.org/10.1007/s00024-011-0328-9
2015Milewski AVMills AJ.Why was the Highveld treeless? Looking laterally to the Pampas for global edaphic principles beyond biogeographical incidents.South African Journal of Botanydoi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2015.05.019
2015Mills AJVyver M, Gordon I, Patwardhan A, Marais C, Blignaut J, Sigwela A & Kgope B.Prescribing innovation within a large-scale restoration programme in degraded subtropical thicket in South Africa.Forestsdoi.org/10.3390/f6114328
2014Mills AJSpear D, Ndhlovu T, Knight MH, Pienke DM, Hofmeyr S & Cowling RM. Biomass of large herbivores in South African subtropical thicket.African Journal of Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/aje.12162
2018Mills AJHunter R.Restoration of wetlands on the Agulhas Plain is unlikely to generate peat.South African Journal of Sciencedoi.org/10.17159/sajs.2018/a0252
2017Mander MJewitt G, Dini J, Glenday J, Blignaut J, Hughes C, Marais C, Maze K, van der Waal B & Mills AJ.Modelling potential hydrological returns from investing in ecological infrastructure: case studies from the Baviaanskloof-Tsitsikamma and uMngeni catchments, South Africa.Ecosystem Servicesdoi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2017.03.003
2017Mills AJMilewski AV, Snyman D & Jordaan JJ.Effects of anabolic and catabolic nutrients on woody plant encroughment after long-term experimental fertilization in a South African savanna.PLoS ONEdoi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0179848
2017Mills AJRobson, A.Survivorship of spekboom (Portulacaria afra) planted within the Subtropical Thicket Restoration Programme.South African Journal of Sciencedoi.org/10.17159/sajs.2017/a0196
2016Mills AJMilewski AV, & Sirami C. A preliminary test of catabolic nutrients in explanation of the puzzling treelessness of grassland in mesic Australia.Austral Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/aec.12385
2018Mills AJMilton SJ, Taplin BD & Allen JL.Viability of watering Portulacaria afra truncheons to facilitate restoration of subtropical thicket: Results from a nursery experiment and cost model.South African Journal of Botanydoi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2017.10.017